t was in 1905, when British Government of India made it as a policy matter to “Divide & Rule” India. The partition of Bengal was selected as a test case. It was meant for to create communal division and differences. Hindus and Muslims took the act of partition of Bengal as question of religious and social ego. Majority of Bengali Muslims were in favour of the partition, where as Hindu Nationalists opposed it with political force. The partition also affected Sindh and Tolaram Balani emerged as a leader. He launched movement with the help of his pen and name. At all – India level, Muslims started to unite to protect the action of partition of Bengal and in this connection a deputation headed by Sir Agha khan meet the Viceroy at Simla. Same leaders later on in 1906 formed All – India Muslim League with Sir Agha Khan as its founder President. This party took birth in the land of Bengal.

The concept of the Partition and Division emerged in this context,  and that misguided the minds of people and gave the wrong direction to the history. It  become more complicated by the western concept of Democracy. It was/is the fundamental principle of the democracy to count and consider the Will of the majority . Therefore rulers planted the idea and concept of partition / division in minds of people  and diverted their attention from Freedom/Independence. That is way, today some serious people are thinking and talking that we earned partition, but not independence.

The British Rulers were politically, morally bound to handover countries (merged/annexed into united India) to the concerned people, but not to divide whole of the India as desired by parties and required by ruler’s future interests.

When the concept of “Division” started dominating hearts and minds of people, than every party, even every vocal person, intellectual and man of his own right started giving his own plan of partition. But none was accepted and on the contrary the plan by the Government and of the Government, let to say for the Government was imposed foe acceptance.

Before the Viceroy’s plan of partition/division, so may floated their own plans. Such as Moulana Obedullah Sindhi’s plan presented from the platform of the Sagar Party etc. In Sindh, Muslim League and Congress plans were penetrating into grass – roots. It was very late but a few people started talking about the independence of Sindh as a separate identity. Gidwani Hindhus accepted the partition of United India, but also demanded the partition of Sindh. From Parsi community of Sindh, Prof. M. B. pithawala presented his plan based on Physio – graphic division of India. In the Indian science congress, held on 6th January 1939, at Lahore, he presented his paper on “ The Need of Uniformity in the Physio – graphic Division of India” in which he proposed the division of India into three major divisions wit 17 provinces and 40 sections. Though, the paper was appreciated but not accepted as a document for political consideration. It’s copy is available with Gul Hayat Institue.



Good Wishes