SEPTEMBER EVENT DATES                                      


1st  September

1843: Following appointments are made by the new British Government of Sindh: Sukhramdas (Brother of Naumal, as Mukhtyarkar of Ghorabari), Diwan Chandiram of Tilti (Mukhtyarkar of Sehwan), Diwan Pohomal of Thatta (Mukhtyarkar of Laki), Diwan Jethmal of Hyderabad (Mukhtyarkar of Manjhand), Munshi Lalchand of Thatta (Mukhtyarkar of Jherk), Assomal Munshi of Thatta (Mukhtyarkar of Thatta), Bharimal (Mukhtyarkar of Sakro) and Hassomal Kardar of Petaro. 
1851: His Highness Mir Ali Murad Khan of Khairpur is facing unwanted treatment from new rulers of Sindh. Shaikh Ali Hassan, ex-minister is encouraged to make petitions about Mir Ali Murad Khan and the Collector of Shikarpur is assigned duty to call upon Shaikh Ali Hassan and submit detailed report. (Source: Letter No.1717). 
1885: Hassan Ali Effendi with cooperation of his friends forms ‘Sindh Muhammadan Association’. Prior to this he was an active leader of ‘Sindh Sabha’, but due to his serious differences with Diwan Dayaram Jethmal and Sadhu Hiranand, he left ‘Sindh Sabha’ and opted for separate path. Sindh Muhammadan Association established ‘Sindh Madressah-tul-Islam’ and remained active political party till 1936. (Source:Dr.Mumtaz Bukhari’s Ph.D thesis).
1909: Sindh Acting Commissioner advises the Collector of Larkano not to recommend applications of Landlords of Larkano and Ratodero for any grant but, make them belive that to serve the Government is the honour for them and they must not pray for any grant.(Source: Letter No.3456).
1921: At a big public meeting attended by about 4,000, the Ubauro Aman Sabha is formed with Diwan Girdharimal as its Chairman. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1922: Local Khilafat Committees of Garhi Yaseen, Jacobabad and Ghogharo hold public meetings in respective places. (Source: Newspapers).
1939: It has been told that 14942826 people were killed in Second World War. Sindh was also badly affected by this war and our reseach scholars have not researched this topic yet.




2nd  September

1846: Captain Scott, Superintendent of Canals submits his report to the Government of Sindh on the method of clearance of Canals in Sindh. He suggests that Deputy Collectors and Kardars should have opportunity to interfere with the Canal Department and labourers working on the clearance of Canals be made payment half in money and half in grain. (Source: letter No.225).
1845: Malik Boola Khan Noomrio submits his petition to the Collector of Karachi for compensation of losses sustained by him due to abolition of twon duties in Unarpur. He claims the ‘Kana’ [weighing fees] as well as ‘Dhull’ on measurement. (Source: Dy.Collector of Kotri’s letter No.257)
1857: The Government of Bombay asks Sindh Commissioner to prepare report on the ‘Commercial Fairs in Sindh and their effects on Sindhi society’. It is advised that Brigadier General Jacob be asked to give his in put. (Source: 4039).
1919: On the victory of the Allies, Karachi Munnicipality sends its resolution as a message to the Government of Bombay. It is history in a way that such type of Institutions also wanted to please Government. The Resolution reads: ‘That Karachi Municipality express profound thankfulness and heartfelt joy and tenders sincerest congratulations to His Majesty the King-Emperor on the successful termination by the Allied Nations of the gigantic World War and the conclusion of a just and glorious treaty of Peace which they trust usher in a long era of peace, prosperity, and progress throughout the world in which the city of Karachi and whole of the country will participate.’ (Source: KMC record)
1921: Vishno Sharma, editor of ‘Hindu’ is arrested under Section 124 of the Indian Penal Code for writing against the Government. He was awarded two years imprisonment in this case. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi). Sindh Journalism played a vital role in the Freedom Movement but, it has been ignored while compiling history.
1922: The Sindh Khilafat Tahreek proved to be most popular and active political party. Three important and big public functions are held in Goth Panhwar, near Nasirabad; Goth Talh and Tando Muhammad Khan. Function at Tando Muhammad Khan is presided over by Qazi Asadullah Shah. (Source: Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1924: “Hindi Sahtya Bhavan’, an organization for the progress and development of Hindi literature formed in 1912, celebrates if Annual function with T.L.Vaswani in Chair. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1932: First ever ‘Sindh Bar Council’ takes birth. Election was held yesterday evening in the Judicial Commissioner’s Court premises. The Registrar is its Presiding Officer. 218 votes were recorde. Result is notified today . Mr. Dipchand Chandumal tops the list and other elected members are: Fatihchand Assudomal, Tolasing K. Advani, Kimatrai Bhojraj; Khanchand Gopaldas ; Motiram Idanmal [all from Karachi]; Parsram Tolaram Bhavnani; Gopaldas Jhamatmal,; Tejomal Hassamal and Santdas Mangharam [all from Hyderabad]. None from Sukkur and Larkano get elected. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).


3rd  September

1832: Colonel Pottenger sends letter to Lieutenant Colonel Litchfield, Commanding Sindh Force advising him some ways and means for taking action against free booters of Parkar. Provides him sme contact so as to get help/information/cooperation during expedition and informing him that strength of the enemy was estimated at 2000 fighting men and the Khosas were adherents of the Kalhora Rulers and will not bow before Talpurs are our Force and can give tough fight during expedition. That Meanas, who formed the most infamous body of Parkar robbers lived in Wands –temporary villages along the Northern edge of Parkar. (Source: letter No.164). This may kindly be noted that Thar and Parkar remained burning places for East India Company Government. Though, some of people were involed in criminal activities, but most of people like Khosas, Thakurs and Meanas gave tough time to the East India Company Government to make way for entering in Sindh. It is still untold history of our freedom movement.
1843: Government of India approves the orders of Sindh Governor that the allowances of Deputy Collectors be Rs. 700 without any special remuneration when travelling. It is also advised that uncontrolled authority of the Kardars [Mukhtyarkars] be checked properly. (Source: letter No.353).
1844: Government of India replies to the complaint made by Sindh Governor, Sir Charles Napier against Lt. Colonel Outram. The Governor is told that Outram’s conduct and his own had been placed in the hands of Government and in those of the highest authorities in England. (Source: letter of dated 3rd Sept.1844).
1921: ‘Gujrati Literary Society’, formed recently organises lecture program in the D.J.Sindh College where Professor Tridev delivers lecture on the history of Gujrati Literature.
1922: Local Khilafat Committee holds public meeting at Shah Jo Goth near Naudero. Moulvi Khuda Bux presided over the function. (Source: Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1955: For the first time people will use Sui gas. Supply to Karachi starts. (Source: Newspapers).
1964: Urdu is made official language by the Punjab University. (Source: ibid).
1971: 144 members of the East Pakistan Provincial Assembly and 44 High ranking officers from East Pakistan are asked to appear before Military Court. (Source: Newspapers).
1977: Z.A.Bhutto, ex-President, Prime Minister and Chief Martial Law Administrator is arrested in the Nawab Muhammad Ahmad murder case. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).


4th  September

1841: Lieutenant Terry is assigned duty to carry out the survey in Shikarpur district. (Source: letter No.918). This may kindly be note that in those days Sindh was still under rule of Talpurs, but Political Agents and Assistant Agents like Lieutenant Postans and Major Outram were given free hand to that extent that they were taking policy decisions like conducting of survey and investigating merits of Indus for navigation, etc.

1843: The Governor-General in Council asks Sir Charles Napier that one of three guns be captured  after the battle of Miani would be sent to England to be kept on the terrace at Windsor and other two to be placed at the foot of the monument at Bombay and also send fourth one which would be placed in front of the Government House at Calcutta. (Source: letter No.359).

1954: Feroz Khan Noon, Chief Minister of Punjab suggests Federation of West Pakistan. (Source: Newspapers).

1959: Basic Democracy system will ensure participation of people in power, claims President Ayub. (Source: Newspapers).

1965: The Secretary General of the U.N.O doubts a big clash between India and Pakistan. (Source: ibid).

1973: Release of political workers is inter-related with political dialogue, declares Z.A.Bhutto. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).


5th  Septermber

1844: Lieut. Colonel Outram had started giving tough time to Sir Charles Napier and raised very serious questions and objections on Napier’s Sindh policy before fall of Hyderabad. Today, The Governor-Genral informs Charles Napier that his appeal had been transmitted to the Home authorities and that Outram had been already called upon through the Bombay Government for an explanation of his conduct. (letter No.586).
1922: In a meeting of Religious Scholars at Shikarpur, presided over by Moulana Taj Mahood Amroti, the District branch of Sindh Jamiat-ul-Ulema is opned and Moulana Hamadullah (President), Moulvi Hafiz Noor Muhammad (Vice President), Moulvi Ali Sher (Assistant Secretary) and Moulvi Muhammad Hashim (Treasurer) are elected as its office-bearers. (Source: Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1947: riots erupts in Delhi. Thousands of Muslims take protection in old fort. (Source: Newspapers).
1951: Sindh Chief Court orders release of Ghulam Muhammad Laghari and Moulvi Azizullah Jarwar. (Source: Newspapers).
1959: Another sea port near about 90 miles away from Karachi is under consideration, says President Ayub. (Source: ibid). Perhaps closer of Suez Canal was the reason to make the country Gate-Way to Hot-Waters for Russia, China and Central Asia, and it created problems, those we are facing now a days from North to South , from Afghanistan to Balochistan.
1964: Pakistan is an independent country. We will not take dictation from any country, says Z.A.Bhutto.[Not dictation, but he got Death ]
1971: Some of Assembly Members belonging to Awami League meet Z.A.Bhutto in Karachi. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).


6th  September

Part 1

1838: Colonel Pottenger provides information to his Govt. that Shah Shuja - ul - Mulk has approached Talpur rulers for hissupport.
1840: One thousand and forty camels and six hundred bullocks of the East India Company Govt. has been stolen near Kahun.
1847: Baloch Sardars could not get Jageers, till debt dues are not cleared. Meanwhile their Jageers will be placed in the hands of Trutees appointed by the concerned, decidesGovt. 
1851: The Rule is promulgate to make it compulsory condition to qualify in Sindhi language for any Civil employment in Sindh Govt.
1886: In a meeting headed by Sindh Commissioner, it is decided that the college be started in Sindh as an aided institution to be managed by a committee consisting of the representatives of the subscribers, Govt. nominees and local bodies' representatives who would contribute fund.

Part 2

1922: Karachi Social Service League makes its Annual Report public that reveal that it awarded prizes to girls students, rehabitiliated Makrani refugees who reached Karachi due to femine in Makran.
1947: Designated Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawabzado Liaquat Ali reaches Karachi by chartered aeroplane.
1955: Major - General Iskandar Mirza is appointed as Acting Governor - General of Pakistan. 
1965: Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan accepts Indian Govt.'s invitation for the visit of India.
1973: The action of PNA will pave way for counter - action by PPP,warns Prime Minister Z.A.Bhutto.


7th  September

1886: It is decided in the meeting chaired by Sindh Commissioner that a college will be started in Sindh as an aided institution and it will be managed by a committee consisting of the representatives of the subscribers, government nominees and representatives of the local bodies who would contribute to the college Fund. (Source: Dr.Pathan and Dr.Azimushan’s Ph.D thesis)
1922: Kotri Khilafat Committee celebrates ‘Victory Day’ to pay regards to Ghazi Kamal Mustafa for his courage and leadership. (Source: Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1931: The Federal Structure Committee of the Round Table Conference meets to discuss ‘Simon Commission Report’ and ‘Nehru Report’. (Source: The Indian Annual Register, Vol-11, 1931).
1952: Punjab Kisan Conference demands abolition of Zamindari system. (Source: Newspapers).
1955: Flood and heavy rains take lives of 15 persons in Thatta. (Source: ibid)
1958: Sultan of Muscat handed over Guwadar to Pakistan as a gesture of Good-Will (Source: ibid).
1959: A commission is constituted to prepare plan for the new capital of Pakistan. (Source: ibid). It is interesting to note that change of capital indicates change of minds of people in power. On the eve of creation of Pakistan, the proposals of making Lahore or Dhaka were rejected and Karachi was selected for that purpose. Mass migration from India and mishandling of problems of Muhajreen inducted lawlessness in the city and it became difficult for ‘rulers’ to rule the country peacefully in Karachi. Hence, Karachi was thrown into fire.
1992: PDA boycotts session of the Parliament during Prime Minster’s speech. However, return back when President of Iran stood for address. (Source: Newspapers).


8th  Septmeber

1838: Government of India writes to Colonel Pottenger that in view of deep dupilcity displayed by Meer Noor Muhammad Khan, his unjustifiable conduct in other respects, and owing to distracted state of unwarrantable enemity and jealousy with which he appeared to be regarded by some of the Chiefs, it was essential that a British force of 500 men should advance without delay for occupation of  Shikarpur or any other place deemed suitable for facilitating operations beyond Indus. Colonel Pottenger is also told that  Captain Burns had been deputed to visit Khairpur and if necessary to enter into new treaty with Meer guaranteeing his independence and assuring him protection of British Government against all external enemies. (Source: Letter of 8th September 1838)

1857: Sindh Railway Company shows its desirablity for the construction of rail road to Shikarpur and Jacobabad from Sukkur. (Source: Letter No.250).

1947: Indian Muslim Employees of the Government of Pakistan attack Government House in Karachi and demand transportation of their families and relatives from India to Pakistan (Source: Newspapers).

1950: ‘Japan Peace Treaty’ is signed by representatives of 49 nations, including Pakistan. (Source: ibid).

1956: Muhammad Ali Bogra resigns as the Prime Minister of Pakistan and from Muslim League. (Source: ibid).

1964: Fatima Jinnah agrees to contest Presidential election. The decision is taken to challenge dictatorship and promote democracy. (Source: Biography of Fatima Jinnah).

1965: It is a terrible day of Indo-Pak history. India and Pakistan are fighting war between each other. (Source: Newspapers).

1972: President Bhutto meets Moulana Moudoodi and discuss political situation of the country. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

1977: Z.A.Bhutto has been arrested on my orders, sufficient evidence supported me to take this decision, says Zia. (Source: Newspapers).


9th  September

1842: It is much before the fall of Hyderabad and Talpurs are still rulers of Sindh. Dispute has taken place between Mir Ali Murad Khan, Mir Rustam Khan and Mir Naseer Khan. Captain Brown, British Agent has been trusted with resolving the problem. Today, he receives letter from Mir Ali Murad Khan complaining the conduct of Mir Naseer Khan. (Source: Letter of dated 9th September, 1842).
1851: The Collector of Karachi compiles report on the Ancient Monuments of the Karachi District. (Source: Letter No.1841).
1857; In Hyderabad artillerymen belonging to ‘Native Artillery Battery’ are captured by the Government. They were blamed for organizing revoult/mutiny against the Government. All face court martial and eight of them are blown away from the gun and eight others were sentenced to transportation of life. (Source: Dr.Azimusan’s Ph.D thesis).
1922: It is the first day of 2-Day Khilafat Conference held at Kambar. It is being presided over by Moulana Abdul Karim Chisti of Shikarpur. Handsome number of local Congress leaders and workers attended the conference. (Source: Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi)
1947: Karachi is made Head Quarter of the Pakistan Navy. (Source: Government Notification).
1952: One thousand Indian Muslim migrants are refused to settle in Sialkot, the city of Dreamer of Pakistan. (Source: Newspapers).
1960: Bhambhore site is excavated. Human skeletons are found. (Press Release of the Archaeological Department).
1965: Sialkot Sector is war-place between Pakistan and India. It is terrible day. (Source: Newspapers).
1974: Indian press terms action to announce Qadyanis as Non-Muslims a bold step by Bhutto Government. (Source: ‘Source-Material on the Bhutto family’, by Gul Hayat Institute).
1986: Benazir Bhutto is released. (Source: ‘Source-Material on the Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).


10th  September

1835: Colonel Pottenger, Political Agent in Sindh, informs his Government that Mir Noor Muhammad Khan has asked for medical officer to be sent by the Government of India to Hyderabad for his treatment. He has also promised that in future no molestation would be offered to the merchants of India trading by Indus. Pottenger also informs his Government that Mirs were in great tribulation about Ranjeetsing attacking Shikarpur. (Source: Pottenger’s letter No. 63).
1847: Mir Ali Murad Khan is returning from England to home by Trieste and Mr. Coffey is conducting/attending him. Mr. Coffey sends letter to the Government of India that Mir was not happy with the attitude of the Government of India regarding his claim and case about restoration of the rank of ‘Rais’ and of a portion of his territory. During his vist of England, Mir Ali Murad Khan submitted petition to the Queen on the subject. But, he was told that matter will be resolved by the Government of India on the investigation and report of the Sindh Commissioner. (Source: Letter No. 1847 from Secret Committee).
1920: Since the occupation of Sindh by the Government of India, Dramatic Companies visited Sindh and stage their dramas in Karachi. Today, such a company, namely ‘H.B.Waring’s Company’ has arrived at Karachi to stage dramas in English there. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1921: In a public meeting held under presidency of Shahnawaz Khan Bhutto, the Ratodero Aman Sabha is formed with following office-bearers: Shahnawaz Khan Bhutto (President), Rai Bahadur Mulchand (Vice President), Diwan Bhojraj (Secretary), Hardasmal (General Secretary). A Committee of 40 members is also formed to propagate and discourage Non-Co-Operation Movement launched by Khilafat and Congress against the Government. (Source: The Daily Gazette,Karachi).
1939: In the General meeting of the Muslim League held at Dadu, in the Factory of Haji Muhammad Yaqub, Mian Shamsuddin is elected as the chairman of the branch Muslim League. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1947: It is the first day of the first session of the Pakistan Constituent Assembly today. The session starts at Karachi and it is attended by 40 members from East Bengal, !7 from Punjab; 3 from NWFP; 01 from Balochistan and 4 from Sindh. Quaid-i-Azam is elected President, whereas Moulvi Tamizuddin as Deputy President. (Source: Newspapers).
1953: Sanghar is created as new District. It consists of Sanghar, Sinjhoro; Pethoro and Shadadpur talukas. (Source: Government Notification).
1974: Pakistani POWs have to face War Crime Cases at any cost, says Shaikh Mujeeb. (Source: Newspapers).
1977: Ten people are sentenced to imprisonment besides, lashing. They were involved in disturbing PNA meetings (Source: Newspapers).
1981: Detention of Benazir Bhutto is extended for another 3 months. She is sent back to Karachi. (Source: ‘Source-Material on the Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1990: PDA is formed. It consists of PPP, Muslim League (Malik Qasim Group); Tahrik-i-Istaqlal and TJFP. (Source: Newspapers). 
1991: Attack on Benazir Bhutto. Sindh Assembly rules ‘motion’ out of order. (Source: Newspapers)


11th  September

1919: It is notified by the Government of India, Army Department that following persons rendered valuable services for the Government during 1st World War: Diwan Tekchand O.B.E, Indian Services (Karachi), Takurdas Jagasia (Karachi); Hotchand Jattani (Karachi); Kishorilal (Karachi); G.Rahumal (Karachi); Keharsing Jawaharsing (Zamindar), B.Naraindas (Zamindar); Ramditomal Lala Jawaharmal (Zamindar) and Vazirmal Utamsing Govinda Bux (Bar-at-Law).
1948: The father of Pakistani nation and first Governor-General of Pakistan Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah breathed his last. He was born in Jhirk, near Thatta and that time Thatta was part of the district of Karachi. It is told that he was born in Wazir Mension, Karachi. But, it is yet to be proved from the City Survey Records that either that building was built before the birth of M.A.Jinnah.
1960: It is notified by the Government that Karachi will be given status of a Division with effect from 1st of October 1960.
1965: Pakistan Army captures Khemkaran and Gadaro. War between India and Pakistan is on high peak. (Source: Newspapers).
1988: Mr.Justice (Retired) Qadiruddin replaces General (Retired) Rahimuddin as the Governor of Sindh. (Source: Government Notification).
1991: Benazir Bhutto addresses a big public meeting at Karachi and demands for formation of a National Government and holding of fair and free election. (Source: ‘Source-Material on the Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).


12th  September

1855: Jageer rolls in respect of Shikarpur, Ubaoro, Naushero Abro, Sukkur and Ghotki talukas are prepared by the Assistant Commissioner for Jageers. (Source: Letter No.190)
1920: Statement is issued by Rais-ul-Muhajreen Jan Muhammad Junijo from Peshawar that migration to Afghanistan by Sindhis stands stopped/suspended due to unfavourable climate and reaching of 40,000 migrants in Afghanistan. It is further said that suspension order has been issued by the Afghan Government on plea that it has become impossible for the Government to accommodate more migrants there. (Source: Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi). 
1939: Haji Abdullah Haroon meets K.B.Allah Bux Soomro, Premier of Sindh and discussed the issue of Masjid Manzilgah with him. Soon after the meeting, Haji Abdullah Haroon issued press statement blaming the Premier that he is not serious in resolving the matter. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid,Karachi).
1956: Suharwardi Cabinet takes oath. It is combination of the Republican and Awami League. The only Sindhi minister is Mir Ghulam Ali Talpur. (Source: Newspaper).
1971: Bhutto and Yahya meet to discuss political situation. (Source: ‘Source-Material on the Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1972: Debate on ‘London Plan’ irritates opposition in the National Assembly. Opposition members stage walkout. (Source: Newspapers).
1978: Akbar Bugti is disqualified. He can not take part in parliamentary politics for next seven years. (Source: Newspapers).


13th  September

1847: The Resident at Khairpur request for permission from Sindh Commissioner to approach His Highness Mir Ali Murad Khan to get site out of city for the construction of Residency at Khairpur. (Source: Letter No. 69 fron Resident at Khairpur) .
1848: During operation against Bugtis, some arrests are made at Shikarpur and Hyderabad and they are declared as prisoners of war. In Shikarpur, they are handed over to the Collecter and Magistrate and in lower Sindh, they are stationed at Tando Ghulam Ali. (Source: Commissioner’s letter No.2437).
1857: A Bengali Birahman informs Government that Regiment No.21 has planned to revolut against the Government at midnight. Search opretion is started soon after the information is received and revolutionaries are arrested. Seth Naumal plays vital role in collecting information about mutiny. (Source: Memoirs of Seth Naumal and other books).
1948: Hyderabad Dakhan losts its independence. It is occupied by India. (Source: History of Dakhan).
1952: The Security Council discusses the membership proposal of Pakistan for U.N.O. (Source: Newspapers).
1958: Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan is arrested. (Source: ‘Source-Material on ANP’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1977: Lahore High Court orders release of Z.A.Bhutto on bail. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).


14th  September

1838: Captain Burns informs Colonel Pottenger that he would reach Bukhar by the end of this month and it will be in the interest of requirements of contact with Mirs of Khairpur, if information is provided to him about the country, people and society of Khairpur. (Source: Burns’ letter of 14th September, 1838).
1843: Matter relating to Judicial system is discussed between Governor-General of India and Sir Charles Napier, Sindh Governor.Governor of Sindh is advised to continue the system, that has been introduced by him [Sindh Governor], that is trial by Military Courts. However, he is asked to appoint Chief Magistrate/Commissioner as soon as it can be done. (Source: Correspondence between Sir Charles Napier and the Governor-General).
1887: The Governor-General of India lays foundation stone of the building of Sindh Madressah-tul-Islam at Karachi. The construction work was completed in 1890 and it costed Rs.1,97,188/. Its map and design was prepared by James Strachen. (Source: Dr.Mumtaz Bukhari’s Ph.D thesis on Sindh Madressah).
1935: His Highness Sir Agha Khan is not happy with the League of Nations. He says that ‘ India was troubled by the League’s lack of universality and by the thin representation of Indians. She was troubled by the great preponderance the League devotes to European interests’. (Source: The Daily Gazettee, Karachi).
1948: Khowaja Nazim-u-ddin takes over as the Governor-General of Pakistan. He was from East Bengal [East Pakistan] where was had remained Premier also (Source: Newspapers).
1953: Mir Ghulam Ali Khan Talpur is elected as the Speaker of Sindh Assembly. (Source: Newspapers).
1964: Dr.Razi-u-ddin Siddiqui is appointed as Vice Chancellor of Sindh University. It was during his tenure that Hamid Sindhi and his contemporary writers/poets held Sindhi Conference in Hyderabad and Dr.Razi-u-ddin Siddiqui was invited there. In this conference and in response to demand by organizers and speakers, the Vice Chancellor announced the establishment of Sindhi Academy and later on this ‘Sindhi Academy’ took the shape of Institute of Sindhology.
1978: Fazul Ilahi resigns as the President of Pakistan and he is replaced by Zia-ul-Haq.(Source: Newspapers).
1991: Biharis must not create backlash in Sindh, says Benazir Bhutto. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).


15th  September

1922: A public meeting is held at Ratodero by the local branch of Khilafat Committee. Speakers asks people to boycott foreign made items and article. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1923: Shaikh Muhammad Ramzan, Secretary Khilafat Committee is sentenced to 12 moths imprisonment by the court of the Deputy Collector of Larkano. He was arrested under 108 Criminal Procedure Code for delivering anti-government speech. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid. Karachi).
1948: Noor-ul-Amin cabinet takes oath in East Bengal [East Pakistan]. He was pro-Pakistani politician and was appointed Prime Minister of Pakistan in Yahya regime. Bhutto was appointed Deputy Prime Minister. (Source: Newspapers).
1972: NAP is involved in anti-Pakistan activities, says President Z.A.Bhutto (Source; ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1977: Sardar Shoukat Hayat demands postponement of general election. Such type of politicians helped Zia to take decision regarding postponement. (Source: Newspapers).


16th  September

1843: Sindh Governor, Sir Charles Napier informs the Government of India that Yar Muhammad, Ruler of Heart has send his Vakeel for making treaty with the Government. (Source: Letter No.115).
1922: Two important events took place on this date. First was of political nature and second Social. At Goghari, a public meeting is held by the local branch of Khilafat Committtee in connection with vicories of Turky on various war sectors. In this meeting people are asked to take part in politics. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi) An other event took place at Karachi. 36th Annual fuction is held by ‘Arya Samaj’. On this occasion, it is told that last year the organization provided financial help of Rs.100/ per month to Girls School namely ‘Putri Patshala’, resulting 80 girls got education free of cost. D.V.A School was aided Rs.200/ per month for catering of 75 students. Rs.100/ per month was given to Gujrati School for educating 75 students. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1932: Sindh observes ‘Sindh Separation Day’. Muslims took active part. Processions were taken out and public meetings were held in the length and breadth of Sindh. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1939: Two important events of the date are staging of Drama at Kambar and meeting of the ‘Masjid Manzilgah Restoration Committee’. Muhammad Ayub Khuhro takes over as the Chairman of the Restoration Committee replacing Haji Abdullah Haroon. The Restoration Committee is renamed as ‘War Council’. The Drama staged at Kambar by Hindus of Sukkur was aimed at to indicate weaknesses of Allah Bux Soomro’s Government. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid and The Daily Gazette, Karachi).
1942: Shri Birham Khastri Co-Operative Stores are opened in various Muhallas of Karachi so as to provide commodities to people on cheap rates, because economy of the country was very much badly affected by the World War and people were to be helped accordingly. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi).


17th  September

1838: Colonel Pottenger advises his Government that Indus should be treated as proper channel for communication and transportation of British troops and it is advisable to occupy Karachi. (Source: Letter No.108)
1846: Collector of Hyderabad recommends case of re-granting of Jageers to Mir Muhammad Ali and Mir Mubarak Khan son of Ghulam Shah Khanai. (Source: letter No.692).
1922: Turkey’s victory on various war sectors is celebrated by lokal branches of Khilafat Committee at Mullan Abra, near Baqrani; Ali Khan Kambar; Fazul Kalhoro of Dokri Taluka and Wagan. Speeches are made and services of Ghazi Kamal Ataturk are praised. (Source: The Al-Wahid, Karachi)
1955: Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan is arrested on violation onf ban on his entry in Balochistan. (Source: ‘Source-Material on ANP’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute.)
1957: An ugly idea of making more provinces out of existing provinces has dominated hearts and minds of those politicians and people in power, who never accepted the ‘Two Nation Theory’ of their Father of nation and want to disintegrate Pakistan into pieces. It has been announced by the Government today, that a Commission will be set up very soon to consider creation of Provinces . (Source: Newspapers).
1962: East Pakistan reacts on ‘Sharif Commission’, strike is observed in the length and breadth of east wing and Commission’s recommendations are termed as an act of snatching historical, constitutional, social and educational status from all provincial languages. (Source: Newspapers).
1964: Fatima Jinnah agrees to become Presidential Candidate on behalf of joint opposition from. She was closely related to his brother- founder of Pakistan and was witness to hijacking of power, democracy and freedom from people. She was deprived of seeing his brother who was breathing his last on Drug Road!.Now she desire to see country on the path of democracy. (Source: Newspapers).
1966: General Moosa is appointed as the Governor of West Pakistan, and General Yahya Khan becomes Commander in Chief of the Army. (Source: ibid).
1972: Urdu Quomi Council is formed in Karachi. (Source: Newspapers).
1975: Hearing of reference against NAP is completed. (Source: ‘Source-Material on NAP’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).


18th  September

1857: Captain Merewether, Political Superintendent, Upper Sindh Frontier [Jacobabad District] apprises the Sindh Commissioner of the Kelat situation where disturbances have started due to continued imprisonment of Muhammad Amin, brother of late Wazir Muhammad Hussain. The Commissioner is informed that Taj Muhammad Zehri, Moola Muhammad Raisani and Mir Khan Jam of Bela have joined hands to launch disobedience movement against Khan of Kelat. (Source: Letter No.296).
1846: The Governor-General of India recommends to the Court of Directors of the East India Company that after the retirement of Sir Charles Napier as the Governor of Sindh, Sindh be annexed with Bombay Presidency headed by Commissioner. (Source: Dr.Azimusan’s Ph.D thesis).
1921: Abraham Hall opening ceremony is performed in Karachi and this occasion a drama is also staged. The Hall was constructed by Israelities of Karachi. This community was having its own Union and Abraham Renbin remained its president for years. (Source: The Sindh Gazette, Karachi)
1922: It is interested to note that Sindh proved its worth as an active province in politics. That is why so many events of political nature were taking place every day. For example, today, Congress meetings were held in District Head Quarters so as to launch ‘Tilk Fund Week’ in length and breadth of Sindh. It was first day for them today to collect donations. In village Nohyon and Village Kakepota public meetings are held by local branches of Khilafat Commiittee. In Badah, the branch of Khilafat Committee is opened with Moulvi Muhammad Sidik (President); Hafiz Faiz Muhammad (Vice President); Muhammad Ali (Secretary) and Muhammad Yousif (Treasurer) as its founder office bearers. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid & The Daily Gazette, Karachi ).
1949: NWFP Government shifts its Capital from Nathiagali to Peshawar. (Source: Newspapers).
1951: Sindh Governor orders probe into allegations of corruption leveled against Muhammad Ayub Khuhro, ex-Chief Minister of Sindh, who worked for the creation of Pakistan in the length and breadth of Sindh and now Pakistani Government is taking his care in a such way! (Source: Newspapers).
1957: One-Unit was imposed in 1955, and today, after two years West Pakistan Assembly adopts the resolution with majority asking Pakistan Government to withdraw the One-Unit Scheme. The Resolution was moved by NAP. (Source: Newspapers & West Pakistan Assembly Record).
1977: Bhutto managed to kill even his very close ones for his own interest, blames Zia (Source: Newspapers).


19th  September

1935: Collonel Pottenger informs his Government that he is in Bhuj and Diwan Laxmandas, Vakil of Mir Rustam Ali Khan has arrived here with gifts and message and has assured that friendship between him and the Government of India will be everlasting . (Source: letter No.67). 
1845: The Superindendent of Cannals and Forest, Sindh submitts his proposal to the Commissioner on the construction of Band between Sukkur and Shikarpur. (Source: letter No.233).

1922: Moulvi Muhammad Sidik of Badah announces not to receive any financial aid and grant from Government in future. He supported the Non-Co-Operation Movement launched against Government. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1939: K.B.Ghulam Muhammad Isran of Larkana reaches along with his selected pesants at Sukkur to participate in Masjid Manzilgah agetation. Followers of Pir Ghulam Mujadid also reached at Sukkur from Matiari. However, Pir is arrested. (Source: ibid). 
1947: It is the first working day in offices of Pakistan (Source: Newspapers),
1952: High Power Committee is constituted to probe into the murder of the first Prime Minster of Pakistan. (Source: Government Notification).
1959: It has been notified that Guwadar will be under administrative control of Makran District of Kelat Division. (Source: Government Notification).
1960: Water accord is signed by President Ayub Khan and Nehru. Now Ravi, Beyas and Satlij rivers will be for India. Whereas Chunab, Jihlam and Sindhu will be for Pakistan (Source: Newspapers).
1963: Opposition demands changes in Basic Democracy System. (Source: Newspapers).
1969: Ex-President Ayub Khan retires from politics. He remained in power & politics since 1958. He took a decade to be out under pressure. (Source: Newspapers).
1972: Opposition demand fresh election. President Bhutto terms demand as unjustified and a conspiracy against democracy. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1977: Begum Nusrat challenges arrest of her husband Z.A.Bhutto in court (Source: ibid).


20th  September

1841: The Governor-General of India Asks Lieutenant Ferry to prepare report and proposal regarding the Sindh and Begari canals servicable for navigation and extending the irrigation already supplied by them. (Source: letter No.1333). 
1884: With the Co-Operation of Mirza Kalab Ali Lahori the branch of Sindh Muhammadan Association is opened in Larkano (Source: Dr.Pathan’s Research article on Larkano).
1933: Dr.Aenni Besant breathes her last. She was born in 1847 in London. She was leader of Theosophy in India and founder of ‘Home Rule League’. Rais Ghulam Muhammad Bhurgri, G.M.Syed, Jamshed Mehta remained his followers in political and Theosophical thoughts. Besant Hall of Hyderabad is named after her name. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Home Rule League’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute and uploaded on its website).
1939: Primary Muslim League of Goza of Taluka Khairpur Nathan holds its Annual function and on this occasion, following are elected as its office-bearers: Moulvi Ghulam Muhammad Borar (President), Sirai Haji Lal Bux Rahujo (Vice President), Haji Dhani Bux Chandio (Treasurer), Jan Muhammad Korejo (Joint Secretary), Muhammad Bux Mangrio (General Secretary), Moulvi Taj Muhammad Panhwar and Moulvi Allah Bux Rahujo (Preachers). (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid,Karachi).
1949: Secretary Revenue is directed by the Sindh Government for preparing of the Draft of Bill to abolish Jageerdai system in Sindh. (Source: Sindh Hari Committee;s record).
1950: It appears in press that Muslim is claiming/blaming that Rs.24,00,000 are outstanding against Fatima Jinnah and Liaquat Ali Khan. (Source: Newspapers).
1954: Proposal is under consideration of the Government to grant provincial status to Khairpur, Bahawalpur and Balochistan. (Source: Newspapers).
1955; Some politician demand referendum on the issue of ‘One-Unit scheme’ . (Source: ibid).
1956: Pir Ali Muhammad Shah Rasdi is appointed as Ambassador for Eygpt. (Source: Interview with Pir Ali Muhammad Shah Rashdi).
1958: Nawab Akbar Bugti takes oath as State Minister. (Source: Newspapers).


21st  September

1939: K.B.Muammad Ayub Khuhro , Chairman of the ‘Masjid Manzilgah War Committee’ writes to Sindh Governor requesting him to play his constitutional role in resolving ‘Masjid Manzilgah issue’. He makes complaint against K.B.Allah Bux Soomro, the Premier of Sindh, that he is not serious in resolving the issue. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1958: Fatima Jinnah makes it clear that representatives of people, particularly members of the National Assembly have failed to work for betterment of society therefore sorrows and longings of people have not ended. (Source: Newspapers).
1973: Indian Foreign Minster blames that Bhutto is violating Simla Agreement and it will affect relations of both countries. (Source: Newspapers).
1974: Nusrat Bhutto to head PPP Women Wing. The decision is taken in this regard. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1990: Assembly dissolution case- Lahore High court starts hearing. (Source: Newspapers). 
1991: The Kalabag Dam scheme is included in the agenda of Council of Common Interests . PML-N Government is determined not to ignore this issue. (Source: Newspapers).
1993: ‘Nawaz can not win a single seat from Sindh. Distribution of land by him is blatant lie. He is responsible for lawlessness in Sindh’, says Benazir Bhutto. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute.).


22nd  September

1951: On the eve of Hari Conference held at Sakrand, following are elected as new office-bearers of the party: Qazi Faiz Muhammad (President), Moulvi Azizullah Jarwar & Dost Muhammad Abro (Both Vice Presidents), Ghulam Hussain Soomro (General Secretary), Syed Zain-ul-Abdin & Hakim Muhammad Moosa (Both Joint Secretaries), Abdul Wahid Moulai (Treasurer) and following were elected as members of the Working Committee : Hafiz Nek Muhammad, Haji Muhammad Alim Mangrio & Muhammad Nawaz Pathan (District Sukkur), Rais Nazir Hussain & Moulvi Muhammad Maaz (District Nawabshah), Hyder Bux Jatoi & Allah Rakhio Chandio (District Dadu), Illahi Bux Qureshi, Nabi Bux Tunio & Moulvi Nazir Hussain (District Larkano), Allah Jurio, Yar Muhammad Rind & Pir Muhammad Ali Shah (District Hyderabad), Majnoon Muslim & Ahmad Dal (District Tharparkar), Moulvi Shah Muhammad & Shah Bukhari (District Jacobabad), Alauddin Samoo & Moulvi Muhammad Haroon. (Source: Ashiq Solangi’s M.Phil Thesis on Hari Tahreek)
1950: Bengalis demand status of Second National Language for Bengali. Government extends Pakistan Safety Act for more year. (Source: Newspapers).
1951: Resentment prevails over not broadcasting Fatima Jinnah’s speech on Radio. Rebroadcasting is demanded by various groups and political parties. (Soure: ibid).
1955: Karachi is taken under control of the Federal Government. Since the birth of Pakistan , the task of snatching Karachi from Sindh and Sindhis has been dwelt with top priority. Where as Sindhis has been terming this act as to vanish Sindh. (Source: Ibid).
1962: Ghous Bux Bezinjo is arrested. (Source: Newspapers).
1977: Punjab University awards Honourary degree of Ph.D to Zia-ul-Haq, Chief Martial law Administrator. (Source: Newspapers).
1993: Nawaz Sharif is product of Ziaism. He is busy in isolation Karachi and Hyderabad from mainstream of Sindh politics, culture and society. He is favouring his Business community and is responsible for price-hike, says Benazir Bhutto. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).


23rd  September

1841: Lieutenant Postans, Political Agent, Shikarpur, informs Colonel Pottenger that  the work on survey of Shikarpur area that was suspended , may be re-started by Lieutenant Terry very soon. (Source: Letter No.980). This may kindly be noted that such type of work is being conducted much before occupation of Sindh.

1936: After the separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency, Sindhi Muslim Political leaders have started thinking about formation of their own political parties. At the residence of Sir Haji Abdullah Haroon Sindhi Muslim Politicians are gathered today to form ‘Sindh United Party’. (Source: The Daily Gazette, Karachi). This may kindly be noted that Sir Haji Abdullah Haroon and  Sir Shahnawaz Bhutto played leaders’ role in this party, but , in election both were defeated.

1947: Pakistan becomes the member of N.N.O. (Source: Newspapers).

1950: Hyderabad celebrates ‘Help Muhajreen Week’. It is first day and Sindhis- individuals and NGOs have started collecting  food, cloth and other items. Meetings are held demanding plots and homes for Muhajreen. (Source: Newspapers). Sindh and Sindhis accepted and helped Muhajreen in a such way and today some of Muhajreen under the shadow of MQM are demanding division of Sindh ! What a history is making joke with them!!

1955: The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan authorizes the Governor-General of Pakistan  to make amendments in law regarding  One-Unit. (Source: Newspapers).

1957: Rano Chandar Sing is inducted in West Pakistan Ministry as a Deputy Minister. (Source: Newspapers).

1960: Mir Ali Nawaz Khan Talpur, Minister in Government of West Pakistan id disqualified. (Source: Newspapers).

1962: Experts’ team  claims that they have found a Mosque in the Bambhore site. (Newspapers).

1964:  The task of marking and demarcation of boundary between Iran and Pakistan is completed. (Source: Newspapers).

1977: Mian Tufail Ahmad of Jamait-i-Islami welcomes constitutional amendments made by General Zia. (Source: ibid).

1990: Benazir asked to appear in court on next hearing in Lake View Hotel case. (Source: ‘Source-Material compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

1992: It is hearing in the court against Benazir Bhutto in the Reference about misconduct in award of contract. (Source: ibid) 


24th  September

1832: Colonel Pottenger informs his Government that there was a considerable chance of civil war in Khairpur State between Mir Ali Murad Khan and his two elder brothers, and the cause of the war was refusal on the part of Mir Rustam Khan and Mir Mubarak Khan to restore to Mir Ali Murad Khan some Pargnas which he had given to them. Mir Murad Ali Khan of Hyderabad’s efforts to reconcile the brothers proved ineffective. (Source: letter No.189)

1853: The Deputy Collector of Shikarpur forward report prepared by the Assistant Commissioner of Jagers to Commissioner with recommendation that Pir Muhammad Ashraf son of Pir Fida Muhaudin Sarhandi be granted jager. (Source: letter No.61).

1939: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi advocates case of the restoration of Masjid Manzilgah and asks Sindh Government not to avoid from resolving the matter otherwise Muslims will launch agitation leaving no option for Government to bow before will of people. (Source: indicated).

1950: Moulvi Abdul Haq advises Balochistan Government to adopt Urdu as official language of the Province.(Source: Newspapers).

1957: Federation of Provinces, but not One-Unit, the cabinet of West Pakistan favours the idea. (Source: Newspapers).

1977: Bhutto damaged democratic institutions, PNA function at Hyderabad demands probe. (Source: Newspapers).

1978: It was my father’s will that I must assume party leadership, says Benazir Bhutto. It is interesting to note that Asif Ali Zardari also assumed the leadership of party and produced Benazir’s will in writing.

1991: PDA issues ‘White Paper’ on election rigging by IJI. It is said that at least seventy seats won by IJI were rigged. Rigging in election has remained dominating and favourate culture in elections in Pakistan. First ever election was rigged to defeat G.M.Syed. Ayub defeated Fatima Jinnan by rigging, Bhutto was thrown before death on this plea; Benazir was defeated in such a way and now Imran Khan is playing game on that plea. Sorry to say that people have never witnessed any real, representative and elected government  through fair election.

1992: Floods are conspiracy of Nawaz to punish people, relief money is being distributed among PML workers, says Benazir Bhutto (Source: Newspapers). Now, Nawaz, Floods and people are very much there but, without Benazir.


25th  September

1843: The Governor-General of India asks Sir Chrales Napier, Sindh Governor that Agha Khan was desirous of going to Baghdad and he must be given allowance and support. (Source: letter No. 395).
1948: The Governor-General of Pakistan promulgates Ordinance aiming at to curb mass migration of people from India. (Source: Newspapers).
1951: The ‘White Paper’ issued by The Government of Pakistan reveals that India is bent upon to disintegrate Pakistan. (Source: White Paper). It is amazing to note that some parties of Pakistan are following the same policy of India and as their first round they are bent upon to disintegrate provinces and ultimately it will disintegrate the country.
1957: The federal cabinet stands divided on the issue of One-Unit (Source: ibid).
1962: Hussain Shaheed Sahurwardi demands restoration of Human-Rights and release of political workers. (Source: Newspapers).
1966:The West Pakistan Cabinet takes oath. Muhammad Khan Junijo from Sindh becomes minister for Communication and PWD. (Source: Newspapers).
1971: General Yahya is not sincere in handing over power to representatives of people, says Z.A,Bhutto. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute). Relations between Bhuttos [Z.A.Bhutto & Benazir Bhutto] and Military leadership is an important topic yet to be studies, researched ad discussed.
1977: Accountablity must be completed before elections. PNA demands in its meeting held in Quetta. (Source: Newspapers).
1979: Non-Party local Government elections are held. Election Commission announces 17th of November 1979 as date for general election. (Source: Newspapers).
1982: In U.S.A ,Zia is handed over a list of political prisoners, while he was having meeting with ‘ Foreign Relation Committee’. He is told that they are concerned about those prisoners. Some time people face lot of difficulty for his actions. (Source: Newspapers).
1993: Miseries of people have increased. Oppressors to face defeat , says Benazir Bhutto. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute)’


26th  September

1920: In the meeting of the Working Committee of the Sindh Khilafat held at Karachi with Seth Amin-u-din in chair resolve that local bodies election will be boycotted by the party no member will participate, for the promotion of National Education and imparting education to young generation as per requirements of society private schools will be opened by party and public; for resolving issues at gross root level, local Panchayat will be formed in the length and breadth of the Sindh and for providing commodities on cheaper than market, Utility Stores will be established also. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi).

1942: Outstanding, but drastic action is taken by Khan Bahadur Allah Bux Soomro, the Premier of Sindh. He denounces the title in protest against British policy regarding  granting freedom to India. Though, he was not Congress man and took the decision on his own and history will remember him as a Freedom Fighter of his own right, but it proved to be big political support for Congress also, because it was busy in ‘Quit India’ Movement launched by it. (Source: letter by Allah Bux Soomro).

1948: Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah lays foundation stone of the Valeka Textile Mills at Karachi. (Source: Newspapers).

1960: Khan Abdul Qayoom Khan is arrested. (Source: Newspapers).

1971: Z.A.Bhutto demands National Assembly session as early as possible. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).

1974: Pakistan must take 25,000 Biharis first so as talks on other vital issues can be started, Shaikh Mujeeb makes condition. (Source: Newspapers).

1977: Z.A. Bhutto be shifted to Lahore jail. Court passes order. (Source: Newspapers).

1991: Benazir Bhutto belives IJI Government for violation of Human-Rights. (Source: Newspapers). 


27th September

1851: The chief Merchants of Karachi draft a petition to the Presidency Government [Bombay Government] for application of Municipal Act. (Sourec: Dr.Azimusan Hyder’s Ph.D Thesis).

1919: Sindh observes ‘Khilafat Day’. It is first ever big political event and activity in Sindh. In spite of curbing policy of the Govrnment, processions are taken out and public meetings are held in the length and breadth of Sindh. (Source: The Sindh Gazette, Karachi).

1939: Section 144 is imposed in Sukkur City so as to avoid  any un-wanted action or reaction on Masjid Manzilgah issue. It is also announce that section 42 of the District Police Act will be imposed with effect from 1st of October. (Source: Press Note by Sukkur District Administration).

1950: The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan recommends that the Parliament of Pakistan shall consists of two Houses and all provinces be given equal representation in Upper House. (Source: Newspapers).

1966: Jamia Islamia Bahawalpur is upgraded as University. (Source: ibid).

1971: India tried to include situation in East Pakistan as an item to be discussed by the General Assembly of U.N.O. (Source: Newspapers).

1973: Z.A.Bhutto  resigns as President of Pakistan and  Chowdri Fazul Illahi , the Speaker of National Assembly is elected as the President. (Source: ibid).

1975: Eight people are arrested in Lahore on account of their involement in issuing fake Degrees ‘ (Source: ibid).


28th  Septembers

1922: The public meeting is held at Umarkot by the local branch of Khilafat Committee. Speakers through light on the importance of politics from religious point of view and they advised people to take part in politics in the greater interests of Islam, nationalism and society. (Source: The Daily Alwahid, Karachi).

1934: The ‘Chand’ Newspaper condemns the event of murder of Nathoram by Gazi Abdul Qayoom Khan in court and writes that Nathoram was translator and publisher of book written against the Prophet of Islam. The book was written and published in Punjab where no action was taken against publisher and writer in the light of decision of court. Whereas in Sindh translator and publisher is killed in the court much before any decision is taken by the court. Sindhi Hindus must take it seriously and keep in mind that they will not get any fair treatment from Sindhi Muslims. (Source: Chand, Hyderabad).

1951: Zamindars of Punjab meet Mian Mumtaz Doultana, the Chief Minister of the province and recorded their reservations and resentment about the proposed Land Reforms. (Source: Newspapers).

1958: Malik Feroz Khan Noon, the Prime Minister of Pakistan doubts danger for democracy in Pakistan. (Source: ibid).

1959: The first ever sea-ship is got built by PIDC and it is ready for sailing.  The cost of ship is reported Rs.220000. (Source: Newspapers).

1964: The ban on Jamait-i-Islami is lifted .(Source: ibid).

1970: Pakistan mourns the death of Jamal Nasir. (Source: ibid).

1973: 842 POWs are back from India and it is beginning of their return. (Source: Newspapers).

1977: Crack down on PPP. Large scale arrests are made in Karachi and Lahore. Abdul Wahid Katpar, Chakar Khan Junijo and Moulana Ihtram-ul-Haq are arrested from Karachi and Larkano. Z.A.Bhutto is responsible for 30 political murders, says Mufti Mahmood. (Newspapers).


29th  September

1838: Colonel Pottenger advises his Government for to occupy the fort of Karachi either by force, or consent of Talpurs. To make demonstration of power and force at Hyderabad and send troops either from Cutch, or Deesa. (Source: letter No.283)
1911: Sindh Hilal-i-Ahmar Society is formed at Karachi with Mir Ayub as its President and Haji Abdullah Haroon as Secretary. Main object of the Society is to collect donation and send financial help to the Muslims those are being victimized by Itly. (Source: G.M.Syed’s book ‘Janab Guzaryam Jan seen’).
1922: Public meetings are held at Buthi,Daim Mashori and Village Deedar by local branches of the Khilafat Committee. At Buthi, the meeting is presided over by Qazi Azizullah and Hassan-u-ullah and Moulvi Ghulam Sidik spoke on the occasion. Munshi Muhammad Suleman presided over the public meeting at Daim Mashori. Whereas Moulvi Karim Bux was main speaker at Deedar. On this occasion, 60 people joined Khilafat Committee. (Source: The Daily Al-Wahid, Karachi).
1948: First ever Minority Conference after creation of Pakistan is held at Dhaka and that is presided over by Noor-ul-Amin, the Chief Minister of East wing. The Conference demands religious freedom. (Source: Newspapers).
1952: Federal Government is considering the recommendation of the Sindh Government on abolition of Jageerdari system in Sindh. (Newspapers).
1977: Benazir Bhutto while addressing a big public meeting at Sahiwal warns that if his father Z.A.Bhutto is hanged, water of all five rivers will turn red. And soon after she is put under house arrest! (Source: ‘Source-Material on Bhutto family’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).


30th  September


1857: Assistant Commissioner in charge of the Education Department in Sindh reports to the Commissioner that Narain Jagan Nath, Assistant Master in English school at Karachi has passed examination in Sindhi language and the case for an increase of Rs.20 in his salary be forwarded to the Bombay Government. (Source: letter No.13). This may kindly be noted that NJV High school is named to remember his services. He remained officer in Education Department also.
1885: Recently formed ‘Max Denso Hall Literary Society’ of Karachi organizes lecture program on the topic of ‘Hindu widow has right to search better-half’.The lecture was delivered by Father Bambridge, the founder of the Society. This was the first ever Literary Society and eminent writers of Sindh attended sittings and meetings of this Society. Some of them were: Diwan Diyaram Gidumal, Kauromal Chandanmal and Hiranand etc. (Source: Dr. Dur Muhammad Pathan’s Ph.D Thesis).
1920: Rais-ul-Muhajreen, Jan Muhammad Junijo reaches Larkano from Afghanistan so as collect donations for Sindhi migrants at present in Afghanistan facing financial problems in connection with their settlement there. (Source: Moulana Wafai’s book ‘Yad-i-Janan’).
1938: A public meeting is held at village Mahboob Tunio of Taluka Mirokhan by local branch of Muslim League. It is presided over by Mianji Muhammad Yousif Qureshi and Abu Obedullah Moulvi Muhammad Daud was the main speaker. The meeting termed Jamiat-ul-Ulema, Sindh as pro-congress party. (Source: ‘Source-Material on Sindh Muslim League’, compiled by Gul Hayat Institute).
1955: One-Unit Bill is supported by 43 votes and gets 13 votes against, in the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan. (Source: Newspapers).
1956: East Pakistan Provincial Assembly unanimously adopts Non-official Resolution on making of Bengali as an official language of the province. (Source: Newspapers).

Good Wishes