1st April

1939: Seth Naomalreturn Karachi in company of Colonel Pottenger who is due to proceed to Bombay. Seth Naomal stays six months here and provides all required services and help to British Camp . During his stay, he got constructed his shops in the Saddar Bazar.
1902: Municipality is created at Mirpurkhas.
1913: The District Local Board is created at Nawabshah. The Board composes of nine nominated and six elected members with Collector as its President.
1921: Anti-Non-Cooperation Society is formed at with DiwanLilaramsingWatanmal ‘Khaki’- an eminent poet.,MirzaQalich Beg is also in the Society. This is first ever move initiated by Sindhi poets and writers to help and support British Government of Sindh in rainy days. The Government is facing tough time from Khilafat and Congress as both parties have launched Non-Co-Operation Movement against the Government.
1924: The Local Adult Education Movement Association is formed at Karachi to impart English Language education and make it popularized. Classes are started in Theosophical Hall.
1931: It is day of political activities in Karachi. On the initiate of Moulana Muhammad Sadiq of Khada and Hakim Fatih Muhammad Sehwani, Annual Session of the Jamiat-ul-Ulema Hind opens at Karachi. Deatails and speeches are uploaded on Gul Hayat website. Subhas Chandra Bose presides over the Political Sufferers’ Conference here. Swami Govindanand is the chairman of the Reception Committee. It is decided to form ‘ IndianPrsioners Relief Committee.
1936: Sindh gets Provincial status and is separated from Bombay Presidency. Sindh with area of 123080 k.m was an independent country in 1843. She lost its sovereignty in the same year and became a Province of the Governor and CMLA for four years. In 1847 was annexed with Bombay Presidency and lost its Provincial Status. Today her provincial status is restored. Sir Lancelot Grahm is appointed its Governor, with H.K.Kirpalani as Chief Secretary to the Government of Sindh.
1939: The District Larkano Board withdraws Toll Tax.
1940: On the initiate of Moulvi Muhammad Ali, President of Muslim League local branch of Khabar of TalukaMirokhan, a public meeting is held with Moulvi Muhammad Ismail in chair. The meeting is happy on the fall of Allah BuxSoomro’s Government and also congratulates Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi on his election as member of Sindh Legislative Assembly from this Constituency and defeating Sir Shahnawaz Bhutto. 
1941: Sir Hugh Dow is appointed as the Governor of Sindh. He started his career as Assistant Collector in Sindh in 1909. He remained Sukkur Barrage Revenue officer from 1927 to 1933. He was appointed the Chairman of ‘Sindh Administrative Committee in 1933. During his tenure as the Governor our two Freedom Fighters: HemonKalani and SoorehBadshahPirPagaro were sentenced to death.
On the same date and year and on the initiate of Sir Haji Abdullah Haroon, G.M.Syed, Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi and K.B. Khuhro ‘Sindh Muslim Journalists Association is formed.Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi (President), Muhammad Khan ;Ghani’ (V.P), Agha Nazar Ali Khan (V.P), Haji Nazir-u-din, editor ‘Hayat’, Karachi (Secretary & Treasurer) are elected as first ever office-bearers.
1952: Government withdraws Camps (Lorhas) and Hurs are made free.


2nd April

1843: Chales Napier, the Governor of Sindh informs the Governor- General of India that arrangements have been made for the Revenue Administration of Sindh and proposes that the salary of the Collectors stationed in the several districts of Sindh be fixed at Rs.1,200 per month.
1916: NGO of Karachi ‘AanandMandli’ is celebarating its 2nd anniversary with Durgdas B. Advani in chair. 50 guests are there including eminent writer P.L.Wasvani. 
1927: Deputation of Sindhi Hindus, headed by JeramdasDoulatram meets Home Member of the Bombay Government and demand for deployment of military in Larkano on the eve of Eid (4th April), because doubt of attacks by Sindhi Muslims on life and property of Hindus there. Larkano is still burning spot due to Hindu-Muslim riots erupted due to kidnapping and converting Muslim woman of Gerelo.
1939: AasardasPurswani founded monthly ‘ NauJuwan’ from Sukkur. It was aimed at to create social, morale and religious awareness in youth.
1954: Pakistan and Turkey sign treaty for collaboration in culture, economy and politics.
1971: Pakistan deplores Indian Premier Indira Gandhi’s resolution adopted by the Indian Parliament supporting anti-national elements in Pakistan.
1979: Madam Shahabano, sister of Z.A.Bhutto files clemency appeal for her brother.
1990: Benazir Bhutto, the Premier of Pakistan, addressing envoys’ conference in Islamabad calls for proper projection of Kashmir and Afghanistan issues abroad.
1996: cabinet approves sale of 26 % shares of KotAddoTharmal Power Plant to a British Company.


3rd April

A draft of new and amended treaty is handed over to Mir Noor Muhammad Khan and Mir Muhammad Khan and Mir Sobdar Khan. They are told that the orders of the Governor-Genral were final and no alteration could possibly be made in it. 
1918: “Rasai Commission” starts taking statements from landlords and collecting evidences at Karachi. The Commission was constituted by the Government on the initiate of RaisGhulam Muhammad Bhurgri. Seth HarchandraiVishindas and GhulamHussainHidayatullah were its members.
1920: Pir Syed Asadullah Shah of Tukhar presides over public meeting of Muslims at Sukkur. It is attended by more than 4000 participants belonging to various parts of Sindh. A committee is constituted to reorganize ‘Sindh Muslim League’. Jan Muhammad Junijo ,PirTurab Ali Shah and Pir Ali Anwar Shah are also included as members of the committee. This may Kindly be kept in mind that since 1917 Sindh Muslim League did its level best to get affiliated with the All-India Muslim League, but it was denied and the public meeting of today decided to reorganize their own Sindh Muslim League and not the branch of the All-India Muslim League.
1932: Sindh Congress observes ‘Gandhi Arrest Day’. Meetings are held in major cities and speeches are made against high handedness of the Government.
1968: Pakistan dissociated itself from the final communiqué of the SEATO ministerial meeting.
1969: President Yahya Khan forms a three-member council of administration with himself as its chairman. The other members are DCMLA Lt.General Abdul Hamid Khan, Vice Admiral S.M.Ahsan and Air Martial Noor Khan.
1971: More than 100 British and Australian families arrives in Singapore from Dhaka as they find situation of East Pakistan taking new turn in history.


4th April

1843: Charles Napier writes to Wali Muhammad Khan Chandio from Mirpur that ‘I know that you remained loyal to Talpur rulers and I appreciate it, but, now British is in power and you have remain unconditional loyal and faithful to it. You must keep in mind that what I am saying. Prove your worth as desired by British and required by loyalty and remain Head of your tribe. You have ensure that mountainous people are not entering Sindh and crating law and order situation.
1914: Sindh Madressah Old Boys’ Association organizes lecture program. Abdul Rahman and Mir Ayoob, both Bar at Law and old students of this school speak about the importance of Legal Profession.
1919: Sindh observe complete strike against police firing on procession of Hindus and Myslims in Delhi on 20th March 1919.
1947: ‘Pakistan Conference’ is held at Jacobabad by the District Muslim League. It is presided over by Muhammad Younis Ex-Chief Minister of Bihar. Mir Jaffar Khan Jamali, Chairman of the Reception Committee delivered his Well come address in Sindhi. The conference is attended by deluges from Punjab, Balochistan and other parts of India also.
1955: M.A Gurmani and Dr. Khan Sahib are appointed Governor and Chief Minister of newly imposed /created West Pakistan Province.
1979: Z.A.Bhutto is hanged in Rawalpindi Jail. His deadbody is flown to Naudero, and buried in the family graveyard. Begum Nusrat Bhutto and Benazir Bhutto are not allowed to accompany the dead body.


5th April


1832: Colonel Pottenger interviews Mir Rustam Khan of Khairpur. He is disapponted as can not get the response as he desires and as he was directed by his government.
1842: Mir Rustam Khan writes to Major Outram asking him for restoration of five villages given to Mir Ali Murad Khan by Ross Bell. Otherwise, allow me to settle the question on my own without interference of the British Govt. 
1922: In the public meeting held by Sindh Khilafat Committee, speakers apprise people of terms of treaty to be imposed on Turkey and warn Govt. not to ignore aspirationsof muslim subject regarding the issue of Khilafat.



1927: It is second day after Eid Ramzan. Hindus of Larkana are observing hatral demanding their protection on possible riots because of kidnapping of Muslim woman. 70 muslims are arrested cases of breaching law are registered agaist them.
1947: It is secondand last day of 'Pakistan Conference' at Jacobabad. Pir Illahi Bux, Pirzada Abdul Sattar, Abdul Sattar Niazi of Punjab, Abdul Qudoos of Bihar, K.B.Khuhro, Mir Qadir Bux and Eazul Ahmad of Balocistan and Malik Muhammad Usman of Quetta make speeches.
1960: M.Hashim Gazdar is awarded five years imprisonment by Military Court.
1971: India is guilty of violation of the U.N. Charter, says Yahya Khan.


6th April


1832 : The meeting is held between Colonel Pottenger and Khairpur Govt's representative. It appears equally inexplicable and unexpected to both parties. Several alterations are suggested in treaty by Khairpur side, but other party is not ready to understandand accept.
1919: A public meeting is held at Sukkur to educate public opinion on political subjects with special reference to Rowlatt Bill.
1924: 'Local Adult Education Movement' is launched in Karachi. Prof. Trivedi, Prof. Junnarkar, Mahatma Vairagyachandra and V.J.Pardhan to take classes in Theosophical Society Hall.
1930: Sindh participates in the Civil Disobedience Movement launched by the Congress today.


1953: Printed sermons of Qadiani chief Mirza Bashiruddin are confiscated in Punjab to avoid escalation of anti - Qadiani sentiments.
1956: Khuhro resigns, where as Kazi Fazlullah is inducted in West Pakistan Govt. as a minister.
1968: Pakistan and U.S discuss about U.S military basis in Pakistan.
1971: PPP Chairman Z.A.Bhutto warns India of disastorus consequences, if any interference is done in the internal affairs of Pakistan.
1996: PML (N) decides to challange in court imposition General Sales Tax (GST) on 46 different items by the PPP Govt.


7th April


1906: Explosion occures in the magazine situated in Hyderabad Fort . It causes death of some people anddemage to many buildings.
1909: Brahma Mandir organises lecture programme. karpur Srinvas Rao speaks on 'Vedanta'.
1941: Hari Conference is held at Larkana with Muhammad Hussain Khuhawar as its president. So many resolution peasants' rights, Hind u - Muslim Unity etc are passed.
1952: Citizenship Act isammended and promulgated to award citizenship to all Muhajreen.
1953: Prime Minister meets Pir of Pagaro, Mir Ghulam Ali Talpur and Pir Ali Muhammad Sha[...]




1957: President's rule in West Pakistan to continue for more four months, says official Hand out.
1959:Evacue property is on sale illegaly and at large scale in Lahore, claims press.
1968: Ship accident in sea near Dubai costs 200 lives of Pakistani Hajis.
1972: Hamood -u- Rahman Commission records statement of Ex- President and CMLA Yahya Khan on military defeat in East Pakistan.
1973 : The term of 'Islamic Socialism' is excluded for the Constitution.
1979: Bhutto's execution is in country's interest, says President Zia. Begam Nusrat Bhutto and Benazir Bhutto are taken to Garhi Khuda Bux for offering Eatiha on the grave of Z.A.Bhutto. Disturbances are reported in Sindh and Punjab cities on hanging of Bhutto.


8th April


1850: The Sindh Commissioner writes to His Highness Mir Ali Murad Khan to inform him that the Govt. haveappointed a Commission with Commissioner as President to investigate the mauer of certain interpolations made in the treaty of Naunihar by His Highnessand requesting him to furnish explanation upon the subject as a preliminary to the further proceedings.
1950: Issues relating to Minorities of both countries are discussed and some decisions are taken in the meeting held between Prime Ministers of Pakistan and India., in Delhi.
1953: Sindh Awami Mahaz announces its Election Manifesto.


1957: National Assembly approves Govt. Resolution regarding the President's rule in West Pakistan.
1958:M.Ayub Khuhro and Mir Ghulam Ali Talpur are inducted in federal cabinet.
1967: An Ordinance is promulgated aiming at abolition of Jagirdari system in the country.
1971: India is interfering in the internal affairs of Pakistan, U.N.O Secretary - General U Thant is told by Pakistan.
1972: An accord reachedbetween PPP, NAP & JUI is broken. PPP offers fresh basis for talks.
1977: Bhutto expells Taj Muhammad Langah, Ahmad Raza Kasuri, Hamid Yasin and H.B.BedPir Azim Shah Nasrpuri (1953), 3. Sufi Ali Muhammad Talpur (1980),4. Mahromal Jagvani (Politician/2007).


9th April


1940: Sindh Muslim league and hundreds of its brances observe 'Lahore Resolution Support Day'' . Public meetings are held and resoultions are adopted in support of scheme of independence as prepared by the Muslim League.
1941: The Live Stock Improvement Conference is held and is attended by representatives and nominees of all District Local Boards and Municipalities of Sindh.
1944: 5th All - Sindh Literary Conference starts at Larkano with Dr.Ibrahim Khalil as its presidents. It is attended by hundereds of poets and writers. Ghulam Abbas 'Josh' is the Secretary and Abdul Wahib 'Nazim' is the Chairman of the Reception Committee of the Conference.


1953: Syed Miram Muhammad Shah resigns as ambassador of Spain.
1955: Communist leader Sajjad Zaheer is re - arrested.
1963: U.S airs idea of the division of Khashmir between India and Pakistan.
1969: French will provide every possible help for the development of atomic energy in Pakistan, says the Administrator General of French Energy Commission.
1971: An Ordinance is promulgated to deal anti - Pakistan elements with iron hand.
1974: Issue of 195 Pakistani POWs wanted by Bangladesh for allged war crimes, is resolved. Tripartite accord is signed in Delhi.1976: Sardari system is abolished in Baluchistan. Bhutto tells Sardars to close their private jails.


10th April

1919: In protest against arrest of Saifuddin and Dr.Satyapal violence is erupted in Amratsar and Lahore. A few people are killed in police firing near Anarkali. Government buildings are put on fire. British people are caught and beaten in both cities.
1918: BangulderoVidyala celebrates its Annual Function and it is presided over by Mr. Sidiqui, Dy. Collector of Ratodero. Mr. Wasvani in his welcome address states that Vidyala is imparting education to 11 Muslim and 54 Hindu students of 8 villages. Its Annual earning remained Rs.1115 and whereas Expenditure was Rs.1050. Income consists of Rs.502 as Fees and Rs.612 as donations. The District Local Board of Larkano started grant of Rs,500 to Vidyalia on the request and recommendation of Dy. Collector.
1927: Eighty-three Muslim accused in Larkana riots are produced before the court of G.H.Agha, Special First Class Magistrate of Larkana. Abdul Rahman and Pirzado pleaded their case. They were arrested in connection with Hindu-Muslim riots erupted due to kidnapping and converting to Hinduism of a lady from Gerelo.
1940: The White Paper on Indian constitutional Reforms is published by the British Government which holds out the assuarance that in preparing the future constitution for India, the British Government will definetly accommodate the point of view of Indian people.
1965: Pakistan and Soviet Union declare their ‘resolute support’ for peoples fighting for their right of self-determination. A joint communiqué is issued in Moscow and Karachi.
1985: Mian Nawaz Sharif is sworn in as the chief minister of Punjab.
1986: Lahore gives warm welcome to Benazir Bhutto as she arrives from London. Says, her party will not follow the policy of revenge when it comes into power.
1988: More than one hundred are killed including former minister KhakanAbbasi and 1000 are injured in Ojhri camp ammunition dump blows up.


11th April

1838: Colonel Pottenger is asked by his Government to go to Sindh in company with the Resident in Sindh. Later on he became /was appointed Resident and played a vital role in political and diplomatical affairs.
1851: Sindh Commissioner moved case of the enlragement of Begari canal and it was approved by the Governor-General in September of the same year.
1923: Sindh Jamiat-ul-Ulemameets at Karachi. This three-day meeting was attended by MoulanaMoeenuddinAjmiri also. The meeting resolves that participating and launching freedom movement is a religious duty, hence every Muslim has to play his/her role for this noble cause.
1932: The Hyderabad Khilafat Committee elects its office-bearers and takes vital decisions regarding making the party more active.
1965: India embarkes on an era of missiles and rockets. It is disclosed by her Defence Minister.
1969: In a letter to the President of the Security Council, the Pakistan Government protests against Indian move to seize lands and properties of those Kashmiri Muslims who have moved to Azad Kashmir.
1973: National Assembly adopts the Constitution unanimously. Opposition ends boycott. Eight controversial Articles are amended. Three MNAs- two Punjabis and one Mohajier- namely, Mohammad Ali Kasoori, Ahmad RazaKasoori and Shah Ahmad Noorani do not vote. 
1974: Pakistan will request China not to block Bangladesh entry into the United Nation . Minister of State tells press in Islamabad.
1977: PNA court arrest, take out procession and ask people not to pay tax to the Government.
1995: AltafHussain and Nawaz Sharif discuss Karachi situation in London.



12th April

1941: Twenty-eighth Annual Session of the All India Muslim League is held at Madras and a resolution is adopted criticizing the Civil Dis-obedience Movement started by the Congress.
1950: Pakistan Constituent Assembly decides that the Federal Court of Pakistan should be the Supreme Judicial Tribunal in the country, and abolishes the entire appellate jurisdiction of the Privacy Council from May 1950.
1952: The four Baluchistan states, Kalat, Makran, Las Bela and Kharan agree with the concurrence of the central Government to integrate their territories into Balochistan State Union with a common executive legislative and judiciary.
1955: A Full Bench of the Federal Court of Pakistan presided over by the Chief Justice Muhammad Munir holds that the power to make provision as to the constitution on the Dominion can not be exercised by the Federal Legislative or by the Governor-General.
1962: The situation in Raan of Kuch area is very critical. Two Indian Tanks are are destroyed by Pakistan forces in Kanjarkot.
1972: President Z.A.Bhutto announces Police Reforms.
1979: The Academy of Letters is inaugurated.
1980: Agha Shahi terms Simla Accord as ‘watershed’.
1994: Serious charges of human rights violations by government against MQM men. AltafHussain writes to services chief.


13th April

1911: Eminent Social Reformer and PhilospherDiwanDayaramGidumal get his ‘ DiwanMetharam Trust’ registered. The Trust provided social, educational and religious services to people for years.
1929: Sindh Congress violates ‘Salt Law’. Gatherings are held in major cities. In Karachi NaraindasBechar violates the Salt Law in public meeting held at Ram Bagh.
1932: Anti-Separation meeting is held at Karachi. Sindhi Hindus demand that Sindh must remain annexed to Bombay Presidency.
1961: Pakistan lodges protest to Russia on its hostile propaganda against Pakistan.
1971: MoulanaMaudoodi writes to 39 political and religious leaders of Muslim world inviting their attention to India’s designs against Pakistan.
1973: President Bhutto authenticates the Constitution.
1977: Dr.MubashirHussain resigns as PPP Secretary –General. Z.A.Bhutto rules out fresh elections and says that elections were rigged by over-zealous party workers and bureaucrats.
1990: MQM rejects Sindh Government’s talk offer.
1991: Pakistan is included by UN among 35 countries which will contribute military contingents to UN Force for Kuwait-Iraq border.
1992: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif approves ‘PindiBhattian- GwarderMoterway Project’.


14th April

1832: Colonel Pottenger gives details of his Diplomatic services to his Government. He writes that he had a last interview with Mir Rustam Khan, Mir Mubarak Khan and Mir Ali Murad Khan when the Treaty was exchanged between the parties. Mir Rustam Khan suggested certain modifications to be made in the treaty but it regretted and refused. Mir Rustom was really disposed to form close alliance with British but he was restrained by his brother and Mir Murad Ali Khan of whom he could not be said to be independent.
1921: A meeting of Anti-Non-Cooperation Society is held at the Bungalow of ThakurdasKhemchand ex- president of the Hyderabad Municipality. It is attended by MirzaKalich Beg, MukhiHarkhishindas; LokomalGobindBux; JethasingNarainsing; GopaldasMangharam and others. It is resolved that unconditional cooperation will be extended to the Government for checking the mischieves activities of the Non-Co-Operation Movement launched by Khilafat and Congress. This may kindly be noted that the Society was formed at Hyderabad with DiwanLilaramsingWatanmal ‘Khaki’ as its president, ThakurdasKhemchand as Secretary and DiwanHashmatrai as the Chairman of its Working Committee. It was first Society of Sindh that was formed by eminent poets ,writers and people belonging to Upper Class to help and support the Government.
1936: The Sindh Governor constitutes ‘Sindh Council’ and ‘Advisory Committee’ to look after government administrative affairs till the election is held and new elected government of the new province is coming into existence. It is headed by Sir GhulamHussainHidayatullah. Whereas Sir Shahnawaz Bhutto, DiwanHiranand and ex-members of the Bombay Council are its members.
1972: On the first day of the National Assembly session Z.A.Bhutto is elected President of Pakistan by 104 votes to 38 against. He was the first politician, who remained as Minister, Dy. Prime Minister; President and Chief Martial Law Administer and also was hanged.
1977: It is first event in a nature that PNA consisting of religious parties and advocating Pardah for women-folk, have brought women on roads to march against Z.A.Bhutto and his Government. It proves that ‘everything is right in love and war’.


15th April

1835: The Government of India is informed by its Native Agent, Hyderabad that PeeruKhoso made complaint against Officer Commanding the Forces at Balmeer in the court of Mir Noor Muhammad that officer is threatening his father, but Mir gave him disappointing reply. That Sindh Government is trying to establish relations with Kelat and Jessalmer and Vakils of both parties have visited countries of each other.
1836: Vakil of Mir Noor Muhammad Khan experienced incivility by British officers at Bombay and the protest is lodged with concerned quarters today by Mir.
1859: Muslims of India are defeated in the ‘War of Independence’. Sindh also played vital role , but the war against British Government has not been ended in Sindh. Mukhtyarkar’s office is put on fire by people in Mirpurkhas.
1936: Shahdadkot, once taluka of Larkano, is now district (Kambar-Shahdadkot) itself. The District Local Board decides that English be taught in Shahdadkot up to Fourth class. This may kindly be noted that prior to this English was taught in this city up to Third Standard.
1957: The West Pakistan Government imposes ban on the movement , sale and purchase of wheat in the province.
1977: General (r )Gul Hassan and Air Marshall (r ) Rahim resign as ambassadors. MoulanaMoudoodi advises Z.A.Bhutto to resign .


16th April

1920: The SehwanKhilafat Conference demands Upper Class to renounce Titles, AfreenNamas etc. It is also announced on the occasion that Sindh Khilafatees desiring to migrate to Afghanistan can apply for registration here and with Hijrat Committee.
1924: Sindh League of Progress in its Annual meeting held at Khalikdino Hall, Karachi elects the Committee for the Karachi branch for the forthcoming year, and elected members are: HarchandraiVishindas (Chairman), Shivrattan G. Mohatta; DipchandChandumal; Wali Muhammad Hassan Ali Effendi; JehangerPanthakey; G.M.Dyce-Keele; ArdeshirH.Mama; C.F.D’Abreo; Jamshed Mehta; E.L.Price and Sir Montague Webb (Honrary Secretary).
1930: The Congress Movement for violation of Salt Law takes turn as rigorous agitation in Sindh. Public meeting faces police firing in Karachi resulting killing of two Congress workers. Dr.Choitram, NaraindasBechar; SawamiKrishnanand; MailalVyas; TarachandLalwani and Vishno Sharma are arrested.
1933: Terming the ‘White Paper’ proposal as a quite unsatisfactory and derogatory to the self-respect of India, the Karachi Indian Merchants’ Association makes a number of suggestions for constitutional reforms.
1939: At Rajkot 500 Bhayat and Muslims stage an angry demonstration against Ghandi.
Warah Muslim League organizes public meeting. It is attended by G.M.Syed, K.B.Khuhro and KaziFazluulah also.
1943: Sindh Muslim League observes ‘Deliverance Day’. Public meetings are held by various branches and resignation by Congress Ministries is celebrated.
1955: The Governor- General of Pakistan issues proclamation declaring the laws mentioned in the Schedule to Emergency Powers Ordinance of 1955, valid.
1957: National Assembly approves that the Presidential Rule in the West Pakistan be extended till September.
1977: SardarShoukat Hayat is expelled from PPP. Several PPP parliamentarians demand fresh elections’
1988: U.S will exercise its right to provide military aid to Afghan resistance, American Secretary of state George Shultz says in Geneva.


17th April

1908: Sindh Provincial Conference is held at Sukkur. It is presided over by Seth HarchandVishindas. This may kindly be noted that these annual conferences were held up to 1920 and last one was held at Hyderabad. It is a common and joint political platform of all segments of our society.
1927: The Sindh Hidu Association adopted resolution against the separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency.
1938: 18th Annual Khilafat Conference is held at Mehar. It is attended by Moulana Abdul Karim of Buthi, PirIllahiBux; Moulana Abdul KarimChishti and others. On the second and last day of the conference handsome number of resolutions are adopted on very important topics such as supply of required water to Sindh for agricultural purposes, legislation on Shariat and support of Palistinians.
1945: Addressing a meeting in New Delhi, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan says that he is entirely for acceptance of office, but, wants the power and not a government in name only.
1947: Congress President , AcharyaKirplani and Muslim League Dy. Leader in the Central Assembly, KhowajaNazimuddin meet the Viceroy Lord Mountbatten and discussed with him political matters.
1953: The Governor-General Ghulam Muhammad dismisses Primeary Minister KhowajaNazimuddin’s cabinet and ask Muhammad Ali Bogra, Pakistan’s Ambassador in U.S.A to form a new cabinet.
1963: Pakistan’s External Affairs Minister, Z.A.Bhutto, declares that his country will have to take fundamental decision on its foreign policy if its allies give long-term military aid to India without settlement of Kashmir issue.
1969: Muhammad Yusuf Talpur and MasoodNoorani, both students of Sindh University are awarded one year rigorous imprisonment by military court.
1977: Z.A.Bhutto orders ban on liquors, gambling, night-clubs and promises introduction of shariah within six months. His Islamisation is not accepted to PNA and they ask him to resign.
1993: Prime Minister Nawz Sharif addressing the nation refuses to resign or advise President to dissolve the National Assembly.
1995: Violence claim 10 more lives in Karachi.


18th April

1839: Charles Napier is asked by the Governor-General of India to prepare a sketch of the last battle with Talpurs of Sindh.
1919: The 6th Sindh Provincial Conference is held at Jacobabad. It is presided over by Jamshed Mehta. Details of this Conference are available on the website of the Gulh Hayat.
1932: Shaikh Abdul Majeed Sindhi presides over ‘Sindh Azad Conference’ at Karachi. It is participated by Seth Haji Abdullah Haroon, Mir Muhammad Baloch; G.M.Syed; Muhammad AyubKhuhro and others.
1938: On the call of 32 Muslim Religious Scholars, made through pamphlets published for the occasion, a big public meeting is held by Larkano Muslim League with Moulana Mir Muhammad Naurangi as its president. The gathering is addressed by local leaders of the party.
1939: M.A.Jinnah in a Press Statement criticized Gandhi’s attitude regarding Muslim representation on the Rajkot Reforms Committee and advise Muslims in State to boycott the Committee.
1951: The Refugees Tax Committee meeting presided over by the Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan decides to set up a House Building Finance Corporation to build refugees’ town in each unit of the Pakistan. 
1968: Pakistan Shows willingness to serve as the venue for talks between the U.S and North Vietnam.
1978: Former Pakistani Foreign Minister Aziz Ahmad denies Vajpaee’s statement in LokSabha that Bhutto and Indra had secret understanding on Kashmir before Simla Accord.
1993: President GhulamIshaq Khan dissolves the National Assembly and dismissed the Nawaz Sharif cabinet.BalakhsherMazari is sworn in as Caretaker Prime Minister.


19th April

1841: The Governor-General of India orders keeping in view the season in mind, and impractible to covey heavy artillery through Bolan Pass, it shold be stored at Sukkur.
1923: Sindhi Hindus observe protest day against the ‘White Paper’. The call was made by Hindu MahaSabha.
1940: Sindh Muslim League observe ‘Pakistan Day’. Meetings are held and processions are taken out in various cities.
1950: Prime Minister of the Pakistan Liaquat Ali Khan leaves for U.S.A on a personal invitation from President Truman. It was a turning point in the foreign policy of the Pakistan resulting inclination towards anti-communist block and going near to U.S.A.
1954: Muslim League Party in the Constituent Assembly decides that both Urdu and Bengali should be the state languages of Pakistan.
1977: Pakistan Labour Alliance declares a nation-wide strike to last until Bhutto resigns. PIA pilots and flight engineers go on strike.
1989: Some circles doubt that Kahuta Nuclear Plant shut down is at the behast of American and Indian governments.
1995: Leader of opposition Mian Nawaz Sharif urges for peace treaty with India.


20th April

1843: Charles Napier reports to Government of India about his arrangements and intentions with respect to the mode of occupying and managing Sindh.
1856: The Sindh Commissioner requests and recommends the Bombay Government that reduction be made in Baluch Regiment in Sindh.
1921: A meeting of Zamindars of Sindh is held at Larkano with RaisGhulam Muhammad Bhurgri in Chair. It is attended by nearly hundred landlords all over from length and breadth of Sindh and some of them are Fatih Muhammad Khan, K.B.Shahnawaz Khan; Dur Muhammad Khan; Jam F.K.Bhambho Khan; Madhodas of Sukkur; Jan Muhammad Junijo; Sirai Shah Muhammad Lahori; Ali Gohar Khan Bhutto; DhaniBuxJatoi; Choharmal of Larkano; DiwanHimathsing; RaisShamisuddin Bulbil and Mathradas of Hyderabad. On this occasion ‘Sindh Zamindars Association’ is formed and RaisGhulam Muhammad Bhugri and Mathradas are elected president and secretary respectively.
1936: English classes at HyderChandio of TalukaMirokhan are closed due to shortage of students. It was required that there should be at least 15 students to run the classes.
1946: 7th All Sindh Adabi Conference starts at Larkano with Dr.Daudpoto in chair. MianGhulam Abbas Qadri acted as the chairman of the Reception Committee, whereas Abdul Fatah Memon was the secretary.
1954: The Working Committee of the Pakistan Muslim League endorses the recommendation of the Central Parliamentary Party that Central and Provincial Ministers should not hold offices in the Muslim League organization.
1955: The Second reference made by the Governor-General of Pakistan to seek advice of the Federal court on the dissolution of the Constituent Assembly and the competence of proposed Constitution Convention to make the constitution of Pakistan, is admitted by the Federal court.
1973: Forty-seven Pakistani POWs have died in Indian camps, 159 punished, Defense Minister of India tells Indian Parliament.
1978: Politicians and political parties are divided on the subject of national government. PNA intends to accept offer, whereas other parties such as NDP want elections on party basis.
1989: Five killed in Nawabshah ethnic clashes. Army is called in.
1991: NFC Award is announced by the Nawaz Sharif Government. Punjab will get 57.88 %, Sindh 23.28 %, NWFP 13.54 % and Baochistan 5.30 %.
1993: 137 MPAs of the PLM Parliamentary party in Punjab Assembly elect MianManzoorWatto as their new leader of the house. The incumbent Chief Minister GhulamHyderWyne is asked to tender resignation.


21st April


1836: Colonel Pottenger forwards to his Govt. the copy of letter sent by Mir Noor Muhammad Khan Talpurdisapproving the request of Govt. of India for allowing some Europeans to sation in Sindh permanently.
1916: 3rd Annual Sindh Provincial Conference starts at Larkano with Ghulam Muhammad Bhurgri as its president. Details of all three days proceedings can be read on Gul Hayat Institute's website. The important development was that proceedings were conducted in Sindhi.
1919: Large scale raids by police start at midnight in Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur and other cities on offices of political parties and Newspapers. G.M.Bhurgri's office remained main target. Jethmal Parsram, H.D.Mariwalla, Narsinglal, Mukhi Jethanand, Dr.Choithram, Shaikh Abdul Majeed and Durgdas Advani are arrested.


1934: The meeting of the Working Committee of the Sindh Azad Conference is held at Karachi to discuss the political strategy regarding facing and responding Hindu Sabha's anti - Sindh Separation movement. 
In the evening Poetic sitting (Mushaira) is arranged by the Sindhi Sudhar Society with Mir Ayub Khan in chair. 
1972: Martial Law is lifted, constitutional rule is restored after 3 years and 26 days. Z.A.Bhutto authenticates interim constitution and takes oath of his office at a mass rally in Rawalpindi. Cheif Justice Hamoodu Rahman administers the oath.1994: Mehran Bank money was spent in 1990 election. Former President Ishaq Khan and former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif were kept informed, says former army chief Aslam Beg.


22nd April

1832: Colonel Pottenger informs his Government that Mir Murad Ali Khan of Hyderabad has agreed to hand over British Government some of the chiefs of Parkar and traitor Ismail Khan and Captain Robret may be directed to proceed to Lakhpat to receive the prisoners. This may be kept in mind that Khosas and other chiefs of Parkar were doubtful about the presence of British people in Sindh. Hence they were creating problems for them. Some of them involved themselves in robbery and other criminal acts. Whenever freedom/defence movement stands involved in crimes, it provides opportunity to anti-freedom elements to take drastic action. Same situation occurred on the East-South of Sindh also.
1838: Colonel Pottenger is directed by his Government to apprise Mirs and Sindh Government of view of the British Government that it is surprised and concerned to hear that Mirs of Sindh had submitted themselves to the court of Persia.
1916: The Sindh Provincial Conference, that started two days ago at Larkano, comes to end. It was presided over by RaisGhulam Muhammad Bhurgri.
1922: PirMithal Shah Rashdi of Thullah (President) and Muhammad Sadiq (Secretary) of Larkano District Khilafat Committee, arrested under Section 108 Indian Penal Code are produced before the court of the District Magistrate Larkano.
1935: All-India Muslim League protests on the terrible event of police firing resulting killing of so many Muslims in Karachi.
1938: Syed Attaullah Shah Amratsri presides over ‘4th Sindh Azad Conference’ at Shikarpur. It is attended by most of Sindhi Muslim politicians to advocate their case for the separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency. The Conference ended with adopting 18 resolution on important subjects like, Separation of Sindh, demand for withdrawal of Criminal Tribes Act and Frontier Regulation Act, compulsory teaching of Religious education in schools, usage of local made products, imposing ban on wine and political support to Palestinians.
1972: Emergency to continue. President Z.A.Bhutto issues an order suspending the right to move any court for enforcement of the fundamental rights provided in the constitution.
1977: Martial law is imposed in Karachi, Lahore and Hyderabad and Rawalpindi. Newsmen observe token strike.
1996: KaziHussain Ahmad begins mediation in Afghan conflict. After 18 years, now in our times another JI chief is busy in mediation so as to bring Talbans and Government near and dear to each other.


23rd April

1832: British Acting Resident at Bhooj writes that PittoojeeWaghela has plundered Rahim Ki Bazar and on his report Sindh Government is moved to exert themselves to apprehend the free-booter.
1835: The Sindh Government shows its concern on the decision of the British Government to build the fortress in Bahawal Khan’s territory.
1932: Sindh Separation Conference starts in Karachi. It is headed by the Financial Secretary to the Government of India. It takes matters relating to separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency.
1939: The Working Committee of the Sindh Muslim League meets at Karachi with Seth Haji Abdullah Haroon.
1947: There is a sudden flare-up of communal trouble in Calcutta. Seven persons are killed and 31 others injured. The curfew is imposed in the city. 
1956: Muslim League expels its members of West Pakistan Assembly for siding Dr.Khan Sahib, who formed his own party ‘Republican Party’.
1965: Indian and Pakistani troops fight a major battle in Rann of Kutch. President Ayub and Z.A.Bhutto discuss the situation arising out of India’s warlike activities and postponement of President’s U.S.A visit. 
1972: Maximum celling of land hold is reduced from 15000 produce index units to 12000 units.
1996: The Senate is told that Rangers will remain posted permanently in Sindh.


24th April


1839: It is British Govt. rule in Sindh and Govt. can do what ever it wants. But, it opted to honour the right of property of people. Lieutenant Leckie directs Colonel Spiller, Commamding at Thatta that if wants to cut timber in Thatta area for any unavoidable reason, he must get permission from concerned property holders.
1938: Khilafat Tahrik was a religious - oriented movement. After the abolution of the Khilafat institute by Turkey, Sindh Khilafatees stood disappointed and hunted for parties having religious touch or slogan. They founded it fit to joinhands with Muslim League. That is why, today, Sindh Khilafat Committee, in its meeting held at Hyderabad, resolves and asks Sindhi Muslims to join Muslim League.


1959: In the event of extrnal threat, Pakistan and India must defend jointly with extending co operation to each other, suggests Pakistan.
1968: It has been trend and tradition of the Pakistan politics in early days that people working in foreign office were appointed as ministers or prime ministers. Arshad Hussain, Pakistan's High Commissioner in India is appointed as the Foreign Minister of Pakistan, today.
1989: Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto launches Peoples' Program in Peshawar. Akbar Bugti Chief Minister declares to oppose its implentation in Balochistan and terms it amounting to infringing the status of provincial autonomy.
1995: Prime Ministers of Pakistan and Bangladesh agree to repatriate 250000Biharis to Pakistan.


25th April

1918:Weekly ‘Sindh Advocate’ is shifted from Sukkur to Shikarpur and now it will be a bilingual paper in Sindhi and English and Moulchand son of eminent politician and journalist ViromalBegraj will be its new editor.
1936: Gandhi issues a statement on the situation in Rajkot and says that Rajkot seems to have robbed me of my youth. I never knew that I was old. Now I am weighed down by the knowledge of decrepitude.
1943: Members of the Central Legislative Assembly demand that they should be allowed to visits prisons and interview political prisoners so that they could draw attention to the inconveniences and restrictions imposed on them with a view to eliminating them.
1948: Sindh ministry headed by K.B Khuhro is removed by the Governor. The plea is taken that he and his government was involved in corruption and was creating hindrances in rehabilitation of Indian Muslim refuges.
1965: Combined Opposition Parties’ steering committee, with NawabzadaNasrullah in chair, announces that it is working out details of a movement for restoration of freedom and democracy.
1972: President Bhutto promulgates an ordinance for adopting of generic names for allopathic medicine.
1973: Mufti Mahmood demands fresh polls in NWFP and Balochistan.
1991: President Ishaq Khan promulgates an ordinance which paves way for privitisation of shipping sector.
1992: Prof. SibghatullahMujadded –led 50 member council to take over power in Kaul. The meeting is held between Nawaz Sharif and BenonSevan envoy to U.S.Secretary General.
1993: ManzoorWatto is elected leader of the house in Punjab Assembly and takes oath as Chief Minister.
1996: Imran Khan launches new political party ;Tahrik-i-Insaf.


26th April

1843: Charles Napier, Governor of Sindh Is directed to follow the Bengal Account 
System with regard to the accounts of receipts and disbursement in the Province of Sindh.
1920 In connection with tour of Sindh, Mahatma Gandhi arrives at Karachi. He is accorded warm welcome by Hindus, Muslims and Congress party workers. 
1934: 3rd Sindh Azad Conference is held at Sukkur with K.B. PirBux as its president. It is aimed at to create awareness about the importance of the separation of Sindh from Bombay Presidency.
1937: Thirty six members of the Sindh Assembly meet at Karachi and form Democratic Party with the following office bearers: Sir GhulamHussainHidayatullah (Leader), MukhiGobindram (Dy. Leader); Mir Bandeh Ali (Dy. Leader), K.B. Muhammad AyubKhuhro (General Secretary); Nihchaldas (General Secretary); Mir Ghulam Ali Talpur (Joint Secretary) and Syed Miran Muhammad Shah (Whip).
1950: Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India, arrives in Karachi to discuss various inter-dominion problems with Liaquat Ali Khan.
1958: A statement on Pakistan’s balance of payment for 1957 shows a deficit of Rs.40.11 crores.
1971: Pakistani diplomats are barred from leaving India without prior permission. India’s Dhaka mission ceases to function.
1974: Prime Minister Z.A.Bhutto inaugurates the 150 KW high-powerdmediem wave transmitter for Quetta Radio station.
1981: New Punjab cabinet is sworn in . Nawaz Sharif gets portfolio of Finance.


27th  April

1835: Political Agents appointed by East India Co (Government of India) were very sharp and they put eye on every movement in Sindh. Today, Colonel Pottenger is informing his government that Mir Noor Muhammad Khan has given orders for half his treasures being brought from various places.
1839: Seth NaumalHotchand is in Hyderabad with Colonel Pottenger. Colonel Pottenger has assigned an important task. There is his relative DiwanHirananad near and dear to Mir Nasir Khan. DiwanHiranand is working on most influential post under Talpur Government of Hyderabad. He is approached by Seth Naumal as he (Seth ) can be taken to Mir Nasir Khan.
1912: Ram Shewakram opens the discussion on the topic of ‘The Eternity of the soul and of matter’. The event is arranged by ‘Arya Young Men’s Association’ of Karachi.
1936: Hindu wedding procession with music and band is attacked by Muslims at near Mosque at Jalpaiguri. The action of Muslims paved way for communal riots at Jampur, Khanpur and other places.
1939: Differences between Mahatma Gandhi and Chandra Bose on the matter of formation of the Working Committee of the Congress, makes Gandhi more emotional and concerned. In course of an interview he says that ‘ I am FIGHTING for peace, I shall die for peace, peace in congress, peace in States, peace on earth and good-will amongst men’.
1944: Special prayers are offered by so many people in favour of K.B.MuhammadAyubKhuro and his brother at Sukker. Today, Khuhra brothers are in court as nominated in the murder case of K.B.AllahBuxSoomro. 
1945: Khan Abdul Samad Khan, Balocistan Congress leader, criticizes the leadership of Sindh Congress. He says at Karachi that there is some flow in the Congress organization in Sindh. The late Allah BuxSoomro, a confirmed Nationalist, had received opposition more from Congress than from the so-called Muslim communalists.
1947: HussainShaheedSuharwardy, addreesing press conference at New Delhi makes plea for a ‘United, undivided and independent Bengal’. But, it was too late as the British had decided to divide India into two pieces and handover to Congress and Muslim league. Sindhis though, not demanded, but realized and started thinking in such a way but only on the platform of literature and not politically.



28th April

1920: ‘Shewaram Theater’ is inaugurated in Karachi by W.N.Richardson, Sub-Divisional Magistrate of Karachi. The place and building remained drama staging spot in Karachi for years. So many Dramatic Societies of Karachi and even of India staged Dramas here.
1930: The weekly ‘Noor Islam’ in course of his editorial asks Government to release Pir of Pagaro.
1934: The Frontier, Punjab & Sindh Hidu Conference held at Peshawar demands not to separate Sindh from Bombay Presidency. During the movement in for and against the separation of Sindh, our Sindhi Hindu & Muslim leaders avoided to sit together and resolve the issue but, involved and invited external factor in their Sindh affairs and as decided psychologically to divided their home on ideologically and religiously.
1935: A meeting of Muslim leaders is held at Karachi with GhulamHussainHidayatullah in chair. It is demanded that enquiry be conducted on the ugly event of firing on Muslim procession resulting killing of more than twenty people.
1937: The first ever session of the newly elected Sindh Assembly is held with Hiranand in chair to elect its Speaker. PirIllahiBux, Shaikh Abdul MajeedSindhi and DiwanBhojsing are candidates. PirIllahiBux withdraws leaving others to contest. Shaikh Abdul Majeed gets 18 votes whereas DiwanBhojsing earns 40 votes. Hence, DiwanBhojsing is elected first ever speaker of the first ever Assembly of the Sindh Province.
1939: The talks between Mahatma Gandhi and Subhas Chandra Bose, the president of All-India Congress Committee are adjourned without any definite result. The issue is the formation/election of the Working Committee of the party. Mahata Gandhi is associated with AcharyaKirplani, Dr.RajendraParsad;Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru; Bhulabhai Desai; Sarojni Naidu and others.
1952: Karachi is raised to the status of a Chief Commissioner’s province. The trio: Liaquat Ali Khan, Ghulam Muhammad &Choudhri Muhammad Ali are pioneers of ‘Karachi Card’ to defeat Sindhi nationalism and to create secured constituency.
1962: Polling in the first ever general elections to National Assembly for 156 seats is held. Nearly eighty thousand Basic Democracy members are going to elect MNAs on behalf of the nation.
1977: Z.A.Bhutto speaks of U.S hand behind unrest and agitation against a party and its leader that brought POWs back, arranged Islamic Conference; gave tough time to 22 Big Fishes (families),nationalized industries and educational institutions. In his address to joint session of the parliament, he also justifies imposition of martial law in big cities as constitutional.


29th April


1858: Bartel Frere inaugurates the construction work of Karach - Kotri Railway Line. The project is initiated soon after War of Independence and indicate Govt's intention to ensure deployment and transportion of troops in trouble areas without fail and also to send raw material to port in handsome quantity.
1927: The largely attended meeting of Muslims is held at Nawabshah with Moulvi Haji Hakim Muhammad Sidiq Morai. Kidnapping of Muslim woman, avoiding to handove Muslim kids by Hindus in Larkana is the sole agenda of the public meeting. Strong worded resolution is adopted asking Hindus to refrain such a events of high risk for peace and national unity.



1950: Sindh Safety Act to remain till further orders. Notificatin is issued in this regard. 
1954: Rainy days start for Communist leaders and workers in East Bengal (East Pakistan). The Chief Minister A.K.Fazul Haq orders for crackdown on large scale.
1962: Faiz Ahmad Faiz receives Lenin Prize.
1971: Pakistan proposes morutordim for six months on foreign debt repayment in view of a major set - back in theexports in East Pakistan.
1972: Agenda is set for summit meeting between Bhutto and Indra. Emisaries of both country meet in Rawalpindi.
1977: Long Marchis arranged by PNA in Islamabad.


30th April


1917: Vide order No 2860, the Government of India asks all the District Local Boards for War Loan and it is to taken/drawn from their own budget, budget of Taluka Local Boards; Education and Health.
1919: The meeting of ‘AnjumanZamindaran-i-ZilaLarkano’ (Landlords’ Association of the District Larkano) is held in which Haji Amir Ali Lahori is elected as its chairman in place of K.B.Shah Muhammad Lahori. The meeting congratulates Government for passing and promulgating ‘Rowlatt Act’ and condemns political parties for launching agitation against the bill.
1920: Big public meetings are held at Paat and Shikarpur by Khilafat Committees of respective areas. People are asked to take part in politics and never surrender before the Government and its local agents, Jageerdars and anti-people elements.
1927: Sindh Hindu Sabha is reorganized and HarchandraiVishindas plays key role in this task.
1933: Upper Sindh Khilafat Conference is held at Muradpur. The Conference unanimously adopts so many important resolutions on vital issues such as sympathy with China, condemnation of Japan; restoration of the Mosque of MureedSethar; congratulations to Mufti Saadullah for facing orders of his exile; promotion of local-made products etc.
1947: Muhammad Ali Jinnah denounces the demand for a partition of the Punjab and Bengal. Describes such move as a grave error.
1948: An all-out offensive is launched by Indians in Jammu & Kashmir, 100,000 Kashmiris leave for Pakistan.
1950: Sindh Safety Act to remain. Notification in this regard is issued.
1952:‘Bazim-i-Adab’ is formed at Jacobabad with OstoGhulamHussain ‘Hussain’ as its President and Muhammad BuxQureshi ‘Josh’ as Secretary.
1954: Very drastic action against Communists is ordered by A.K.FazulHaq, Chief Minister of East Bengal (East Pakistan).
1962: Faiz Ahmad Faiz receives Lenin Prize.
1967: A new political alliance called Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM) is formed in Dhaka comprising Council Muslim League, J.I, Nizam-i-Islam Party and Awami League.
1974: Last bench of POWs, including General Niazi reach Pakistan.
1977: PNA’s Long March to besiege Prime Minister’s residence forestalled by arresting workers reaching the capital.
1978: So many politicians are disqualified. Some of them are Abdul WaheedKatpar, Abdul SattarGabol, Bashir Ahmad Shah, Muzafar Shah and Ali Nawaz Shah etc.
1994: Six persons including two MQM protesters are killed in Karachi. Nawaz Sharif visits the city express sympathy with Muhajreen and says that situation in Karachi and Hyderabad may go out of hand soon.

Good Wishes